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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of green and nitrogen fertilization on the yield and yield components of irrigated winter beans

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Gare, Lucas Martins [1] ; Martins e Martins, Leticia [2] ; Arf, Orivaldo [3] ; Buzo, Fernando de Souza [1] ; Portugal, Jose Roberto [4] ; Siviero Garcia, Nayara Fernanda [1] ; Serantoni da Silveira, Tayna Lara [2] ; de Souza Sales, Leticia Zylmennith [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Programa Posgrad Agron Sistemas Prod, UNESP, Dept Fitotecnia Tecnol Alimentos & Socio Econ, Ilha Solteira, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP, Ilha Solteira, SP - Brazil
[3] UNESP, Dept Fitotecnia Tecnol Alimentos & Socio Econ, Ilha Solteira, SP - Brazil
[4] UNESP, Dept Prod & Melhoramento Vegetal, Fac Ciencias Agronom, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: SEMINA-CIENCIAS AGRARIAS; v. 41, n. 4, p. 1165-1175, JUL-AUG 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The contribution of plant residues to the soil is an essential requirement for the success of no-tillage systems, especially in areas with a tropical climate where the organic material decomposition rate is high. The type of straw present on the soil surface can influence the culture implanted subsequently, mainly with regard to the availability of nitrogen (N). The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of cultural remains of maize (exclusive or intercropped with cover crops) on the development and productivity of the common bean grown in succession and fertilized with different N doses. The experimental design was a randomized block arranged in a factorial scheme (5 x 4), with four replications. The treatments consisted of combinations of cultural remains of exclusive maize, maize + Crotalaria spectabilis, maize + Cajanus cajan, maize + Canavalia ensiformis, and maize + Urochloa ruziziensis cultivated previously and of four N rates (0, 40, 80, and 120 kg ha(-1)) applied to bean crops. The plots consisted of seven lines of 7.5 m length with 0.45 m spacing between the lines. The evaluated parameters were: thy matter of the plant cover, dry matter of the aerial part (beans), production components, weight of 100 grains, and grain yield. The intercropping of maize and cover crops promoted an increase in dry matter over the soil, compared to the exclusive maize crop. There was an increase in the dry matter of bean plants with the increase in N rates in the two years of cultivation; regarding productivity, there was an increment only in the first year of cultivation. The maize consortium with cover plants provided adequate soil cover, but did not influence the productivity of beans cultivated in succession in the two years of cultivation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/19603-7 - Cultural practices for maize, winter beans, rice and wheat involving green manure, crop rotation and nitrogen application in the Cerrado region
Grantee:Orivaldo Arf
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants