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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

rganic carbon pools and organic matter chemical composition in response to different land uses in southern Brazi

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Briedis, Clever [1, 2] ; Baldock, Jeff [3] ; de Moraes Sa, Joao C. [2] ; dos Santos, Josiane B. [4] ; McGowan, Janine [3] ; Milori, Debora M. B. P. [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Brazilian Agr Res Corp, Embrapa Instrumentat, Sao Carlos - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Ponta Grossa, Dept Soil Sci & Agr Engn, Ave Carlos Cavalcanti 4748, BR-84030900 Ponta Grossa, Parana - Brazil
[3] CSIRO Agr & Food, Osmond - Australia
[4] Polo Reg Ponta Grossa, Agron Inst Parana IAPAR, Ponta Grossa, Parana - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: European Journal of Soil Science; v. 72, n. 3 MAY 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 9

The adoption of conservation agriculture (e.g., no-till system) has been recognized as pivotal to maintaining soil functions, but the potential of this system to enhance organic carbon (OC) quantity and quality and how this OC is stabilized in soils are not well established. In this study, we evaluated the effects of land-use types (native vegetation (NV) vs. no-till system (NT)) on OC stocks and on the chemical composition of organic matter (OM), and sought to understand the mechanisms that govern OC protection in the studied highly weathered soils. To achieve these objectives, we used an OC fractionation scheme in a combination of solid-state C-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic analyses in soils from six farms in southern Brazil. Our results showed smaller OC stocks (whole soil) under NT than under NV in four of the six sites. In addition, the OC stock differences between land-use types were larger in coarser textured soils and in those where conventional tillage was used before the adoption of NT. Among fractions, particulate organic carbon (POC) represented only 8% of the whole OC stock but was the fraction most affected by land-use type. In contrast, the humus organic carbon (HOC) fraction contributed 78% of the whole OC stock and was little altered by land-use type. Resistant organic carbon (ROC) represented 14% of the whole OC stock and it was altered by land-use type, demonstrating that this fraction is not as inert as previously thought. Overall, OM chemical composition was quite similar between land uses, with O-alkyl-C being the predominant C type. This labile component was further highly correlated with OC stock and silt + clay contents, indicating that the accumulation of OC in these highly weathered soils is mainly a response to the association between labile C compounds and minerals. Highlights The OC build-up in no-till areas and the mechanisms of OC protection in soils are still uncertain. OC stocks under no-till are still smaller than under native vegetation. Soils under no-till showed untapped potential for OC sequestration. The association of labile compounds with soil minerals is the driving factor for OC protection. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/02387-8 - Qualitative changes of organic matter affected by soil use and management systems as revealed by spectroscopic techniques
Grantee:Clever Briedis
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/23159-6 - Changes in quantity and quality of SOM in whole soils and fractions affected by times of adoption of no-till system: evidence from natural 13C abundance and solid-state 13C NMR spectroscopy
Grantee:Clever Briedis
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor