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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Posturographic measures did not improve the predictive power to identify recurrent falls in community-dwelling elderly fallers

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Author(s):
Cabral, Kelem de Negreiros [1, 2] ; Brech, Guilherme Carlos [1, 3] ; Alonso, Angelica Castilho [1, 3] ; Soares, Aline Thomaz [2] ; Opaleye, Davi Camara [4] ; Greve, Julia Maria D'Andrea [1] ; Jacob-Filho, Wilson [2]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med FMUSP, Inst Ortopedia & Traumatol, Lab Estudos Movimento, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med FMUSP, Div Geriatria, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Judas Tadeu, Programa Ciencias Envelhecimento, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, London - England
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Clinics; v. 75, 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate if posturography can be considered a recurrent fall predictor in elderly individuals. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 124 subjects aged 60 to 88 years were evaluated and divided into two groups-the recurrent fallers (89) and single fallers (35) groups. Patients' sociodemographic characteristics were assessed, and clinical testing was performed. The functional test assessment instruments used were timed up and go test (TUGT), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), five times sit-to-stand test, and Falls Efficacy Scale (to measure fear of falling). Static posturography was performed in a force platform in the following three different situations-eyes open (EO), eyes closed (EC), and EO dual task. RESULTS: There were significant differences between the single and recurrent fallers groups regarding the fear of falling, the Geriatric Depression Scale score, the mean speed calculated from the total displacement of the center point of pressure (COP) in all directions with EO, and the root mean square of the displacement from the COP in the mediolateral axis with EC. Based on the hierarchical logistic regression model, none of the studied posturographic variables was capable of significantly increasing the power of differentiation between the recurrent and single fallers groups. Only TUGT with a cognitive distractor (p <0.05) and the BBS (p <0.01) presented with significant independent predictive power. CONCLUSION: TUGT with a cognitive distractor and the BBS were considered recurrent fall predictors in elderly fallers. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/51216-0 - Effectiveness of a multifactorial falls prevention program in community-dwelling older people when compared to usual care: a randomized controlled trial
Grantee:Luiz Eugênio Garcez Leme
Support type: Regular Research Grants