MAR 30 2020.
Web of Science Citations:
We present a new numerical method to calculate the optimum lens transformation to implement on a monochromatic laser beam path, in order to maximize its coupling to the fundamental Gaussian mode of a resonator or to a single-mode optical fiber whose mode can be described as Gaussian to a good approximation. This method relies on a useful mathematical relation on Laguerre-Gauss modes of different waists and reduces in the end to numerically maximizing a polynomial that is a function of the state of the beam in a finite interval, thus being numerically very efficient. We show with a simple example that this method is particularly efficient against other common methods used in the laboratory when it comes to laser beams composed of a coherent superposition of higher-order Laguerre-Gauss modes, as it is the case for instance for beams traversing optical elements suffering from spherical aberration. (C) 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement (AU)