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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Essential Metabolic Routes as a Way to ESKAPE From Antibiotic Resistance

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Author(s):
Barra, Angelica Luana C. [1] ; Dantas, Livia de Oliveira C. [1] ; Morao, Luana Galvao [1] ; Gutierrez, Raissa F. [1] ; Polikarpov, Igor [1] ; Wrenger, Carsten [2] ; Nascimento, Alessandro S. [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Inst Phys, Sao Carlos - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Parasitol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN PUBLIC HEALTH; v. 8, FEB 28 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is a worldwide concern that requires a concerted action from physicians, patients, governmental agencies, and academia to prevent infections and the spread of resistance, track resistant bacteria, improve the use of current antibiotics, and develop new antibiotics. Despite the efforts spent so far, the current antibiotics in the market are restricted to only five general targets/pathways highlighting the need for basic research focusing on the discovery and evaluation of new potential targets. Here we interrogate two biosynthetic pathways as potentially druggable pathways in bacteria. The biosynthesis pathway for thiamine (vitamin B1), absent in humans, but found in many bacteria, including organisms in the group of the ESKAPE pathogens (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumanii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter sp.) and the biosynthesis pathway for pyridoxal 5 `-phosphate and its vitamers (vitamin B6), found in S. aureus. Using current genomic data, we discuss the possibilities of inhibition of enzymes in the pathway and review the current state of the art in the scientific literature. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/13684-0 - Structural and functional studies of enzymes that participate in complex carbohydrates synthesis and degradation
Grantee:Igor Polikarpov
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/18173-0 - Mechanisms Involved in Resistance to Antibiotics: Wall Teichoic Acids and Biofilms as Molecular Targets
Grantee:Alessandro Silva Nascimento
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/26722-8 - Drug discovery against human infectious diseases
Grantee:Carsten Wrenger
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants