Bellucco, Fernanda T.
de Mello, Claudia B.
Meloni, Vera A.
Melaragno, Maria Isabel
Total Authors: 4
 Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morphol & Genet, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychobiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
MOLECULAR GENETICS & GENOMIC MEDICINE;
Web of Science Citations:
Background: Malan syndrome is a recently introduced overgrowth disorder described in a limited number of individuals. Haploinsufficiency and also point mutations of NFIX gene have been proposed as its leading causative mechanism, however, due to the limited number of cases and different deletion sizes, genotype/phenotype correlations are still limited. Methods: Here, we report the first Brazilian case of Malan syndrome caused by a 990 kb deletion in 19p13.2p13.12, focusing on clinical and behavioral aspects of the syndrome. Results: The patient presented with macrocephaly, facial dysmorphisms, hypotonia, developmental delay, moderate thoracolumbar scoliosis, and seizures. The intellectual and behavioral assessments showed severe cognitive, language, and adaptive functions impairments. The 19p deleted region of our patient encompasses NFIX, CACNA1A, which seems to be related to a higher frequency of seizures among individuals with microdeletions in 19p13.2, and 15 other coding genes, including CC2D1A and NACC1, both known to be involved in neurobiological process and pathways. Conclusion: Deletions involving NFIX gene should be considered in patients with overgrowth during childhood, macrocephaly, developmental delay, and seizures, as well as severe intellectual disability. (AU)