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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Improving production and diet assimilation in fish-prawn integrated aquaculture, using iliophagus species

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Franchini, Ariel C. [1, 2] ; Costa, Gelcirene A. [1, 2, 3] ; Pereira, Stefany A. [1, 2] ; Valenti, Wagner C. [1, 2] ; Moraes-Valenti, Patricia [1, 2]
Total Authors: 5
[1] UNESP Sao Paulo State Univ, Aquaculture Ctr, Via Paulo Donato Castelane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP Sao Paulo State Univ, CNPq, Via Paulo Donato Castelane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[3] UFRPE Rural Fed Univ Pernambuco, Dept Fisheries & Aquaculture, Rua Dom Manuel de Medeiros S-N, BR-52171900 Recife, PE - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Aquaculture; v. 521, MAY 15 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 1

In the integrated culture of pelagic fishes and benthic prawns, a large quantity of nutrients and energy remain in the pond bottom after harvest. This study assessed whether the inclusion of an iliophagus species, such as curimbata (Prochilodus lineatus), can take advantage of those resources and improves yield and diet use efficiency in tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) and Amazon river prawn (Macrobrachium amazonicum) integrated aquaculture. A completely randomized experiment was designed with two treatments, and five replicates each of integrated systems: tambaqui and Amazon river prawn (TP) and tambaqui, Amazon river prawn, and curimbata (TPC). Ten 0.01-ha earthen ponds were used as experimental unifies. Juveniles of tambaqui (3.93 +/- 1.63 g) and Amazon river prawn (0.02 +/- 0.02 g) were stocked in all ponds at a density of 3 and 11 individuals per m(-2), respectively. Five ponds, selected at random, were also stocked with curimbata (3.11 +/- 2.61 g) at a density of 5 individuals per m(-2). Tambaqui was fed twice a day with an extruded commercial diet (32% crude protein) to apparent satiation. The prawn and curimbata were not fed. The experiment lasted 53 days. The presence of curimbata did not affect tambaqui performance, whereas reduced the production of prawn in similar to 25%. The inclusion of curimbata increased total species yield by similar to 35% (from 734 to 991 kg.ha(-1)) and decreased FCR by similar to 31% (from 0.61 to 0.42). These results indicate that a mud-feeder like curimbata can take advantage of the large quantity of nutrients and energy deposited in the bottom of freshwater pond aquaculture. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/51271-6 - Mapará and Amazon River prawn farming in multispace and multitrophic systems
Grantee:Sergio Ricardo Batlouni
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Research Partnership for Technological Innovation - PITE