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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Large scale manufacturing of puree-only edible films from onion bulb (Allium cepa L.): Probing production and structure-processing-property correlations

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Dias, Diogenes dos Santos [1] ; Otoni, Caio Gomide [2] ; da Silva, Robson Rosa [3] ; Meneguin, Andreia Bagliotti [4] ; Capparelli Mattoso, Luiz Henrique [2] ; Barud, Hernane da Silva [4] ; Ribeiro, Clovis Augusto [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Chem, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Instrumentat, Nanotechnol Natl Lab Agr LNNA, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Chem & Chem Engn, SE-41296 Gothenburg - Sweden
[4] Univ Araraquara Uniara, Lab Biopolymers & Biomat BIOPOLMAT, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 3

The demand for bioplastics from renewable sources for a range of emerging applications has been as extensive as the efforts to find greener routes for their isolation from nature. Surfing this wave, we report on the production of flexible, optically semi-transparent onion-only bioplastics through different all-aqueous film-forming procedures encompassing hydrothermal, grinding, washing, and/or sieving pre-solvent casting steps. The onion bioplastics were extensively characterized targeting correlations among chemical structure, film-forming protocol, and film properties. HPLC evidenced insoluble carbohydrates/polysaccharides in all samples, though at different contents (11-44%) depending on processing, but washing lixiviated all soluble carbohydrates - the presence of ca. 14% of the latter in unwashed samples provided their films with reduced glass transition temperature - from 73-83 to 13 degrees C, as indicated by DSC; elastic modulus and tensile strength - from 1.5-3.2 GPa to 47 MPa and from 7-21 to 3 MPa, respectively; increased elongation at break - from 0.7-1.6% to 22%; and decreased contact angle with water - from 39-70 degrees to 22 degrees (in comparison with washed samples). Additionally,. SEM provided morphological aspects; thermogravimetry indicated thermal stability profile; FTIR led to hydrogen bond energy {[}kJ] and distance {[}angstrom] as well as total crystallinity index (0.43-0.96), lateral order index (0.8-3.2), and hydrogen bonding intensity (13-4.7); and XRD determined the index of crystallinity (21-49%). Finally, the hydrophilic/hydrophobic nature, water barrier, and moisture sorption of the bioplastics were determined. Altogether, we herein depict the production of novel bioplastics made up exclusively of onion and used a range of characterization techniques to come up with relevant structure-processing-property correlations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/23098-9 - Study and optimization of natural fiber-reinforced edible polymer biocomposites formulated with fruit and vegetable processing wastes
Grantee:Caio Gomide Otoni
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 16/15504-2 - Polymeric films based on onion (Allium cepa L.): a new generation of materials for aplication as edible package
Grantee:Diógenes dos Santos Dias
Support type: Research Grants - Innovative Research in Small Business - PIPE