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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of tannins and monensin on feeding behaviour, feed intake, digestive parameters and microbial efficiency of nellore cows

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Author(s):
Tseu, Ramos Jorge [1] ; Perna Junior, Flavio [2] ; Carvalho, Roberta Ferreira [2] ; Sene, Guilherme Acacio [3] ; Tropaldi, Cristiane Barbosa [2] ; Peres, Alice Helena [3] ; Rodrigues, Paulo Henrique Mazza [2]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Eduardo Mondlane Univ, Vet Coll, Dept Anim Prod, Av Mocambique, Maputo - Mozambique
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Coll Vet Med & Anim Sci FMVZ, Dept Anim Nutr & Prod, Pirassununga - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Coll Anim Sci & Food Engn FZEA, Dept Anim Sci, Pirassununga - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Italian Journal of Animal Science; v. 19, n. 1, p. 262-273, DEC 14 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the associative effect of monensin and tannins on intake, feeding behaviour, digestibility, rumen kinetics, microbial protein synthesis and nitrogen balance. In a 2 x 4 factorial arrangement, 8 rumen cannulated Nellore cows were distributed in 2 contemporary 4 x 4 Latin squares and received 8 diets that differed in the level of tannins (0.00, 0.75, 1.50 and 2.25% DM) and presence of monensin. Monensin was daily administered to each cow in one square (about 32 mg/kg DM). No interaction between monensin and tannins was observed (p > .05). Tannins linearly reduced feed intake, but linearly increased daily eating time (p < .05), although these did not alter the number of meals. Monensin increased CP digestibility by 6% (p = .0387) while tannins linearly reduced digestibility of DM, CP, OM and TDN, whereas the reduction was quadratic for ADF and NDF. Tannins linearly reduced the rumen disappearance rate by linearly reducing both passage and digestion rates. Tannins also linearly reduced urinary urea, though neither additive affected microbial protein synthesis. Monensin reduced the proportion of N excreted in faeces, whereas tannins linearly increased faecal N and linearly reduced both urinary and retained N. Monensin and tannins have shown independent effects on feeding behaviour, feed intake, digestive parameters, microbial protein synthesis and N balance, but they did not improve nutrient usage, although monensin alone has shown to have potential to promote N utilisation. Tannins may play an important role in reducing the excretion of N in urine. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/05301-0 - Strategic combination of nutritional tools for enteric and manure methane emissions mitigation in cattle: synergistic and additive responses
Grantee:Paulo Henrique Mazza Rodrigues
Support type: Regular Research Grants