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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A systematic review and meta-analysis on the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation in depressive episodes

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Razza, Lais B. [1, 2] ; Palumbo, Priscila [1, 2] ; Moffa, Adriano H. [3] ; Carvalho, Andre F. [4, 5] ; Solmi, Marco [6, 7] ; Loo, Colleen K. [3] ; Brunoni, Andre Russowsky [1, 8, 2]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Internal Med, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept & Inst Psychiat, Fac Med, Lab Neurosci LIM 27, Inst Nacl Biomarcadores Neuro, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ New South Wales, Black Dog Inst, Sch Psychiat, Sydney, NSW - Australia
[4] Univ Toronto, Dept Psychiat, Toronto, ON - Canada
[5] Ctr Addict & Mental Hlth, Toronto, ON - Canada
[6] Univ Padua, Padova Neurosci Ctr, Padua - Italy
[7] Univ Padua, Dept Neurosci, Padua - Italy
[8] Univ Sao Paulo, Hosp Univ, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 8
Document type: Review article
Source: DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY; v. 37, n. 7 FEB 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Background Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has shown mixed results for depression treatment. Objective To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of trials using tDCS to improve depressive symptoms. Methods A systematic review was performed from the first date available to January 06, 2020 in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and additional sources. We included randomized, sham-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) enrolling participants with an acute depressive episode and compared the efficacy of active versus sham tDCS, including association with other interventions. The primary outcome was the Hedges' g for continuous depression scores; secondary outcomes included odds ratios (ORs) and number needed to treat (NNT) for response, remission, and acceptability. Random effects models were employed. Sources of heterogeneity were explored via metaregression, sensitivity analyses, subgroup analyses, and bias assessment. Results We included 23 RCTs (25 datasets, 1,092 participants), most (57%) presenting a low risk of bias. Active tDCS was superior to sham regarding endpoint depression scores (k = 25, g = 0.46, 95% confidence interval {[}CI]: 0.22-0.70), and also achieved superior response (k = 18, 33.3% vs. 16.56%, OR = 2.28 {[}1.52-3.42], NNT = 6) and remission (k = 18, 19.12% vs. 9.78%, OR = 2.12 {[}1.42-3.16], NNT = 10.7) rates. Moreover, active tDCS was as acceptable as sham. No risk of publication bias was identified. Cumulative meta-analysis showed that effect sizes are basically unchanged since total sample reached 439 participants. Conclusions TDCS is modestly effective in treating depressive episodes. Further well-designed, large-scale RCTs are warranted. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/07256-7 - Cerebral alteration perfusion induced by transcranial stimulation of the prefrontal cortex: a randomized, placebo-controlled study, using 99mTc SPECT
Grantee:Lais Boralli Razza
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 18/16927-0 - Transcranial direct current stimulation for major depressive disorder: systematic review and meta-analysis
Grantee:Priscila Silva Palumbo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation