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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

QSAR studies on benzothiophene derivatives as Plasmodium falciparum N-myristoyltransferase inhibitors: Molecular insights into affinity and selectivity

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Garcia, Mariana L. [1] ; de Oliveira, Andrew A. [1] ; Bueno, V, Renata ; Nogueira, Victor H. R. [2] ; de Souza, Guilherme E. [2] ; Guido, Rafael V. C. [2]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Inst Phys, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Bueno, Renata, V, Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Inst Phys, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Drug Development Research; FEB 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium and transmitted by Anopheles spp. mosquitos. Due to the emerging resistance to currently available drugs, great efforts must be invested in discovering new molecular targets and drugs. N-myristoyltransferase (NMT) is an essential enzyme to parasites and has been validated as a chemically tractable target for the discovery of new drug candidates against malaria. In this work, 2D and 3D quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) studies were conducted on a series of benzothiophene derivatives as P. falciparum NMT (PfNMT) and human NMT (HsNMT) inhibitors to shed light on the molecular requirements for inhibitor affinity and selectivity. A combination of Quantitative Structure-activity Relationship (QSAR) methods, including the hologram quantitative structure-activity relationship (HQSAR), comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA), and comparative molecular similarity index analysis (CoMSIA) models, were used, and the impacts of the molecular alignment strategies (maximum common substructure and flexible ligand alignment) and atomic partial charge methods (Gasteiger-Huckel, MMFF94, AM1-BCC, CHELPG, and Mulliken) on the quality and reliability of the models were assessed. The best models exhibited internal consistency and could reasonably predict the inhibitory activity against both PfNMT (HQSAR: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.83/0.98/0.81; CoMFA: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.78/0.97/0.86; CoMSIA: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.74/0.95/0.82) and HsNMT (HQSAR: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.79/0.93/0.74; CoMFA: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.82/0.98/0.60; CoMSIA: q(2)/r(2)/r(pred)(2) = 0.62/0.95/0.56). The results enabled the identification of the polar interactions (electrostatic and hydrogen-bonding properties) as the major molecular features that affected the inhibitory activity and selectivity. These findings should be useful for the design of PfNMT inhibitors with high affinities and selectivities as antimalarial lead candidates. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/04737-8 - Discovery and Design of Folate Synthesis Inhibitors as Agrochemicals Candidates for Sugar Cane Culture
Grantee:Renata Vieira Bueno
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/07600-3 - CIBFar - Center for Innovation in Biodiversity and Drug Discovery
Grantee:Glaucius Oliva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 15/07005-3 - Structural Biology and Medicinal Chemistry studies toward the discovery and design of new agrochemicals
Grantee:Andrew Albert de Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 15/21272-4 - Computational studies on N-myristoyltransferase enzyme from Plasmodium falciparum and its inhibitors as antimalarial agents
Grantee:Mariana Lopes Garcia
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master