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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Biodegradable starch particles for controlled release applications: Swelling and leaching mechanisms

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Maia, Juliana Dias [1] ; Schmiele, Marcio [2] ; Ubbink, Job [3] ; Prata, Ana Silvia [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Sch Food Engn, St Monteiro Lobato 80, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Jequitinhonha & Mucuri Valleys UFVJM, Inst Sci & Technol Food Engn, Diamantina, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Minnesota, Food Sci & Nutr Dept, St Paul, MN 55108 - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Applied Polymer Science; v. 137, n. 34 JAN 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Starch-extruded particles have only found infrequent use as delivery systems for active ingredients. We have previously shown that these particles are attractive for releasing hydrophobic compounds in water media. Here, we cover a range of amylose-amylopectin ratios and evaluate the presence of the thyme essential oil (TEO) as active compound to understand the dominant release mechanism in relation to the physicochemical properties of the starch matrices. Starch blends with high amylopectin content (1.8 and 15% amylose) could not be shaped into regular particles. For amylose contents higher than 28%, the equilibrium degree of swelling in water decreased with increasing amylose contents, from nearly 300% for an amylose content of 28-90% at an amylose content of 70%. For both lowest amylose contents, 1.8 and 15%, leaching of solids and disintegration of the particles resulted in a low apparent degree of swelling. The presence of TEO reduces the degree of swelling of the gelatinized starch matrix. This is explained by the formation of thymol-amylose complexes, which is confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis and X-ray diffraction. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/09824-4 - Investigation for production of biodegradable carriers for natural larvicidals against Aedes aegypti
Grantee:Ana Silvia Prata
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants