Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genome sequencing of Mycobacterium pinnipedii strains: genetic characterization and evidence of superinfection in a South American sea lion (Otaria flavescens)

Full text
Silva-Pereira, Taiana T. [1, 2] ; Ikuta, Cassia Y. [1] ; Zimpel, Cristina K. [1, 2] ; Camargo, Naila C. S. [1, 2] ; de Souza Filho, Antonio F. [1] ; Ferreira Neto, Jose S. [1] ; Heinemann, Marcos B. [1] ; Guimaraes, Ana M. S. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Dept Prevent Vet Med & Anim Hlth, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Microbiol, Lab Appl Res Mycobacteria, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: BMC Genomics; v. 20, n. 1 DEC 30 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Background: Mycobacterium pinnipedii, a member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex (MTBC), is capable of infecting several host species, including humans. Recently, ancient DNA from this organism was recovered from pre-Columbian mummies of Peru, sparking debate over the origin and frequency of tuberculosis in the Americas prior to European colonization. Results: We present the first comparative genomic study of this bacterial species, starting from the genome sequencing of two M. pinnipedii isolates (MP1 and MP2) obtained from different organs of a stranded South American sea lion. Our results indicate that MP1 and MP2 differ by 113 SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) and 46 indels, constituting the first report of a mixed-strain infection in a sea lion. SNP annotation analyses indicate that genes of the VapBC family, a toxin-antitoxin system, and genes related to cell wall remodeling are under evolutionary pressure for protein sequence change in these strains. OrthoMCL analysis with seven modern isolates of M. pinnipedii shows that these strains have highly similar proteomes. Gene variations were only marginally associated with hypothetical proteins and PE/PPE (proline-glutamate and proline-proline-glutamate, respectively) gene families. We also detected large deletions in ancient and modern M. pinnipedii strains, including a few occurring only in modern strains, indicating a process of genome reduction occurring over the past one thousand years. Our phylogenomic analyses suggest the existence of two modern clusters of M. pinnipedii associated with geographic location, and possibly host species, and one basal node associated with the ancient M. pinnipedii strains. Previously described MiD3 and MiD4 deletions may have occurred independently, twice, over the evolutionary course of the MTBC. Conclusion: The presence of superinfection (i.e. mixed-strain infection) in this sea lion suggests that M. pinnipedii is highly endemic in this population. Mycobacterium pinnipedii proteomes of the studied isolates showed a high degree of conservation, despite being under genomic decay when compared to M. tuberculosis. This finding indicates that further genomes need to be sequenced and analyzed to increase the chances of finding variably present genes among strains or that M. pinnipedii genome remodeling occurred prior to bacterial speciation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/04617-3 - Host adaption of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis: a genomic and transcriptional approach
Grantee:Cristina Kraemer Zimpel
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/20147-7 - Investigation of the pseudogenization rate among genomes of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex
Grantee:Naila Cristina Soler Camargo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation