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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cardiac and skeletal muscle changes associated with rosuvastatin therapy in dystrophic mdx mice

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Finkler, Julia M. G. [1] ; de Carvalho, Samara C. [1] ; Neto, Humberto Santo [1] ; Marques, Maria J. [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Anatomical Record-Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology; v. 303, n. 8 DEC 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Statins are prescribed to prevent and treat atherosclerotic cardiovascular and metabolic diseases but have controversial effects on skeletal muscles. While statins are a reported cause of myopathy, some studies have suggested that statins could potentially ameliorate dystrophy due to their pleiotropic effects on inflammation, myonecrosis, and autophagy. In the present study, we evaluated the potential benefit of rosuvastatin treatment on heart, limb, and diaphragm muscles in dystrophin-deficient mdx mice at an early stage (45 days of age) of disease. Mdx mice received rosuvastatin (10 mg/kg) by gavage for 30 days beginning at 15 days of age. Normal C57BL/10 mice received rosuvastatin by the same route over the same interval. In the mdx group, rosuvastatin significantly increased IgG-positive fibers (myonecrosis) and the inflammatory areas in the biceps brachii and diaphragm muscles and decreased the anterior limb muscle force (grip strength). Molecular markers of inflammation (TNF-alpha and NF-kB) and fibrosis (fibronectin) were not altered by rosuvastatin in mdx mice skeletal and cardiac muscles. In normal mice, rosuvastatin increased CK, TNF-alpha (heart), NF-kB (diaphragm), and fibronectin (heart and diaphragm). Inflammatory areas were seen in all normal muscles of rosuvastatin-treated mice. Rosuvastatin did not benefit dystrophy in the mdx mice and was associated with inflammation in normal cardiac and skeletal muscles. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/15492-3 - Pharmacological therapy of the dystrophinopathies: fibrosis and muscular regeneration in mdx mice treated with omega-3
Grantee:Samara Camaçarí de Carvalho
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/24051-4 - G-protein coupled receptors and autophagy: potential targets of omega-3 and deflazacort in DMD therapy
Grantee:Maria Julia Marques
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/04782-6 - Pre-clinical studies in the mdx mouse: metabolomics, biomarkers and omega-3 therapy
Grantee:Maria Julia Marques
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants