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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Parasitism in Angus x Nellore heifers in a silvopastoral system

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Author(s):
Silva Bello, Hornblenda Joaquina [1, 2] ; Goncalves, Juliana Alencar [1] ; Teixeira, Giulia Salgarella [1] ; de Freitas Santos, Juliana Mara [1] ; Polycarpo, Gustavo do Valle [1] ; de Almeida, Fabiana Alves [3] ; Amarante, Alessandro F. T. [3] ; Gomes de Soutello, Ricardo Velludo [1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Fac Ciencias Agr & Tecnol, BR-17900000 Dracena, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP, FMVZ, Prof Dr Walter Mauricio Correa S-N, BR-18618681 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, BR-18618689 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION; v. 52, n. 4 JAN 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The influence of shade in the silvopastoral system on the performance and degree of parasitism by endo- and ectoparasites in Angus x Nellore heifers was assessed. The experiment was conducted with 72 heifers, with an initial mean weight of 276 +/- 5.67 kg and 9 months of age, in a total area of 25 ha, divided into 12 paddocks, with three treatments and four replicates. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design, to evaluate the conventional grazing system (CGS) without shade and silvopastoral systems with simple line (SPS1) or triple lines (SPS3) of eucalyptus. The evaluations were carried out every 28 days, from June 2017 to April 2018. During the trial, the number of eggs per gram of feces (EPG) presented a gradual increase in the three systems. Differences (P < 0.05) in the variables analyzed were recorded only in two occasions: the CGS group EPG mean +/- standard error (1269 +/- 105) was higher than the SPS1 group mean (402 +/- 129 EPG) in March, and tick average of the CGS group (13 +/- 2.7) was lower than the SPS3 (32 +/- 5.3) in October. There were no significant differences (P >= 0.05) between groups in relation to horn fly counts, the numbers of infective nematode larvae on pasture, hematological variables, and weight gain. It was concluded that in comparison with the CGS system, the shading in the SPS1 and SPS3 systems did not have any major influence on the degree of parasitism or in the performance of the heifers. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/05944-8 - Production of Angus-Nellore heifers in integrated crop-livestock systems
Grantee:Cristiana Andrighetto
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/26041-3 - Influence of shade and grass height on the infestation of larvae in the pasture and helminth infection on Nellore x Angus heifers in Agrossilvipastoril system
Grantee:Juliana Alencar Gonçalves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation