Morales, Cristian Hernandez
[1, 2, 3]
Sturaro, Marcelo J.
Sales Nunes, Pedro M.
Peloso, V, Pedro L.
Total Authors: 5
 Coordenacao Zool, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Ave Perimetral 1901, BR-66077530 Belem, Para - Brazil
 Sam Houston State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Huntsville, TX 77341 - USA
 V, Univ Fed Para, Inst Ciencias Biol, Rua Augusto Correa 01, BR-66075110 Belem, Para - Brazil
 Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ecol & Biol Evolut, Av Prof Artur Riedel 275, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
 Univ Fed Pernambuco, Av Prof Moraes Rego S-N, BR-50670901 Recife, PE - Brazil
 Staatl Museum Nat Kunde Stuttgart, Rosenstein 1, D-70191 Stuttgart - Germany
Total Affiliations: 6
Web of Science Citations:
Alopoglossidae is a family of Neotropical lizards composed of 23 species allocated in two genera (Alopoglossus and Ptychoglossus). There is a lack of knowledge about the phylogenetic relationships and systematics of this family. Published phylogenies that include alopoglossid species have very low taxon coverage within the family, and are usually based on limited character sampling. Considering these shortcomings, we infer the phylogenetic relationships of Alopoglossidae-including all but one species in the family-based on the combined analyses of DNA sequences and morphological characters. We use four loci (the mitochondrial 12S, 16S and ND4; the nuclear C-mos) and a matrix of 143 phenotypic characters from scutellation, tongue morphology, hemipenis morphology, and osteology. The dataset is analyzed with Maximum Parsimony, with four alternative weighting schemes: three under Extended Implied Weighting, and one with equal weighting. The respective resulting topologies are compared in a sensitivity analysis framework. Our analyses support the paraphyly of Ptychoglossus, with Alopoglossus nested within it. We provide an updated classification for the family, where Ptychoglossus Boulenger, 1890 is considered a junior synonym of Alopoglossus Boulenger, 1885. (AU)