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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Influence of T2DM and prediabetes on blood DC subsets and function in subjects with periodontitis

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Author(s):
Rabelo, Mariana de Sousa [1, 2] ; El-Awady, Ahmed [2] ; Moura Foz, Adriana [1] ; Hisse Gomes, Giovane [1] ; Rajendran, Mythilpriya [2] ; Meghil, Mohamed M. [2] ; Lowry, Scott [2] ; Romito, Giuseppe Alexandre [1] ; Cutler, Christopher W. [2] ; Susin, Cristiano [3]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Dent, Div Periodont, Dept Stomatol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Augusta Univ, Dept Periodont, Dent Coll Georgia, Augusta, GA - USA
[3] Univ N Carolina, Adams Sch Dent, Dept Periodontol, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: ORAL DISEASES; v. 25, n. 8, p. 2020-2029, NOV 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Objective To compare the myeloid and plasmacytoid DC counts and maturation status among subjects with/without generalized periodontitis (GP) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods The frequency and maturation status of myeloid and plasmacytoid blood DCs were analyzed by flow cytometry in four groups of 15 subjects: healthy controls, T2DM with generalized CP (T2DM + GP), prediabetes with GP (PD + GP), and normoglycemics with GP (NG + GP). RT-PCR was used to determine levels of Porphyromonas gingivalis in the oral biofilms and within panDCs. The role of exogenous glucose effects on differentiation and apoptosis of healthy human MoDCs was explored in vitro. Results Relative to controls and to NG + GP, T2DM + GP showed significantly lower CD1c + and CD303 + DC counts, while CD141 + DCs were lower in T2DM + GP relative to controls. Blood DC maturation required for mobilization and immune responsiveness was not observed. A statistically significant trend was observed for P. gingivalis levels in the biofilms of groups as follows: controls <NG+GP < PD+GP < T2DM+GP. Moreover, significantly higher P. gingivalis levels were observed in blood DCs of NG + GP than controls, whereas no differences were observed between controls and PD + GP/T2DM + GP. In vitro differentiation of MoDCs was significantly decreased, and apoptosis was increased by physiologically relevant glucose levels. Conclusion Type 2 diabetes mellitus appears to inhibit important DC immune homeostatic functions, including expansion and bacterial scavenging, which might be mediated by hyperglycemia. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/06982-4 - Periodontal treatment and metabolic control in type 2 Diabetic patients
Grantee:Giuseppe Alexandre Romito
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants