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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genetic Subtypes of Systemic Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Show Distinct Differences in PD-L1 Expression and Regulatory and Cytotoxic T Cells in the Tumor Microenvironment

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Ferreira, Cristiane R. [1, 2] ; Manohar, Vidhya [2] ; Zhao, Shuchun [2] ; Bangs, Charles D. [2] ; Cherry, Athena [2] ; Azevedo, Raymundo Soares [3] ; Lage, Luis A. P. C. [3] ; Pereira, Juliana [3] ; Zerbini, Maria C. N. [1] ; Gratzinger, Dita [2] ; Natkunam, Yasodha [2]
Total Authors: 11
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Dept Pathol, L235, 300 Pasteur Dr, Stanford, CA 94305 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Hematol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCL) encompass several subgroups that differ in their clinical presentation, genetic features, and prognosis. We characterized the genetic subgroups of 74 patients with ALCL and correlated programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) protein expression and compared the densities and ratios of FOXP3+ T regulatory cells and CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in tumor cells and the immune microenvironment. The subgroups included anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive (ALK+) ALCL and ALK-negative (ALK-) ALCL and DUSP22-rearranged and nonrearranged ALK- ALCL. None of our cases represented the TP63-rearrangement ALK- ALCL subgroup. Our results showed that ALK+ ALCL had a higher expression of PD-L1 in the tumor cells, in contrast to ALK- ALCL, which expressed high PD-L1 in tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). DUSP22-rearranged ALK- ALCL lacked PD-L1 expression in the tumor cells and instead expressed PD-L1 only in TAMs. There was a significant positive correlation of PD-L1 expression between tumor and TAMs in ALK+ ALCL with a negative correlation in ALK- ALCL. Systemic ALCL subgroups had similar densities of CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and FOXP3 T regulatory cells, but differences were observed in the ratio of CD8/FOXP3. Our results suggest that alterations in tumor microenvironment and immune responses exist among systemic ALCL subgroups and these features may account for different clinical behavior and prognosis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/09180-0 - Characterization of genetic subgroups of anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK negative by fish technique in Brazilian cases
Grantee:Cristiane Rúbia Ferreira
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research