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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Regional atmospheric dynamics govern interannual and seasonal stable isotope composition in southeastern Brazil

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dos Santos, Vinicius [1] ; Gastmans, Didier [1] ; Sanchez-Murillo, Ricardo [2] ; Gozzo, Luiz Felippe [3] ; Batista, Ludmila Vianna [1] ; Manzione, Rodrigo Lilla [4] ; Martinez, Jorge [5]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Ctr Environm Studies, Ave 24A, 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Nacl, Stable Isotope Res Grp, Heredia - Costa Rica
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Bauru Meteorol Ctr, Dept Phys, FC Estr Municipal Jose Sandrin S-N, BR-17048699 Bauru, SP - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Fac Sci & Enginery, Tupa, SP - Brazil
[5] CSIRO Land & Water, POB 2583, Brisbane, Qld 4001 - Australia
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Hydrology; v. 579, DEC 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Climatic factors controlling seasonal and interannual changes of stable isotope composition in precipitation remains understudied across the tropics. Daily isotopic measurements of rainfall (2014-2017, Rio Claro, Southeast of Brazil) were used to identify the climatic factors governing the isotopic variability. Overall, precipitation presented large variations, ranging between -18.36 parts per thousand and +4.89 parts per thousand for delta O-18, - 136 parts per thousand to + 43.4 parts per thousand for delta H-2, and -11.8 parts per thousand to +26.6 parts per thousand for d-excess. The Local Meteoric Water Line (delta H-2 = 8.05 +/- O-18 + 13.08 +/- 0.5) indicated a strong influence of moisture recirculation along the transport of air masses. During the summer (wet season), high moisture content prevailed in the atmosphere. The latter was associated with recycled moisture from Amazonia region due to the influence of the South Atlantic Convergence Zone and Frontal Systems, resulting in depleted precipitation (delta O-18 <= - 6 parts per thousand). During the winter (dry season), the combination of Cold Fronts and minimal moisture transport from the Amazonia region, resulted in more enriched rainfall (delta O-18 a >= -1 parts per thousand). Atmospheric recirculation processes along the moisture pathway were also reflected on the seasonal d-excess variation. The strong correlation of delta O-18 and relative humidity along HYSPLIT trajectories confirmed the influence of regional atmospheric dynamics over isotopic composition of precipitation. Our findings provide new understanding of rainfall generation within the Guarani aquifer recharge area. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/18735-5 - Isotopic composition of precipitation and its relationship with climatic variability in the southern central portion of São Paulo State (BR)
Grantee:Vinícius dos Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 15/15749-2 - Stable isotopes applications for the assessment of the hydrological cycle process: precipitation and small catchments in São Paulo State, BR
Grantee:Didier Gastmans
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/06666-4 - Isotopic tracers revealing the water movement in watersheds of the São Paulo State
Grantee:Didier Gastmans
Support type: Regular Research Grants