Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Anim Sci & Food Engn, Dept Vet Med, Pirassununga - Brazil
 Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Buchmann Inst Mol Life Sci, Struct Genom Consortium, Frankfurt - Germany
Total Affiliations: 5
NOV 22 2019.
Web of Science Citations:
Targeting self-renewal and tumorigenicity has been proposed as a potential strategy against cancer stem cells (CSCs). Epigenetic proteins are key modulators of gene expression and cancer development contributing to regulation and maintenance of self-renewal and tumorigenicity. Here, we have screened a small-molecule epigenetic inhibitor library using 3D in vitro models in order to determine potential epigenetic targets associated with self-renewal and tumorigenicity in Canine Mammary Cancer (CMC) cells. We identified inhibition of BET proteins as a promising strategy to inhibit CMC colonies and tumorspheres formation. Low doses of (+)-JQ1 were able to downregulate important genes associated to self-renewal pathways such as WNT, NOTCH, Hedgehog, PI3K/AKT/mTOR, EGF receptor and FGF receptor in CMC tumorspheres. In addition, we observed downregulation of ZEB2, a transcription factor important for the maintenance of self-renewal in canine mammary cancer cells. Furthermore, low doses of (+)-JQ1 were not cytotoxic in CMC cells cultured in 2D in vitro models but induced G2/M cell cycle arrest accompanied by upregulation of G2/M checkpoint-associated genes including BTG2 and CCNG2. Our work indicates the BET inhibition as a new strategy for canine mammary cancers by modulating the self-renewal phenotype in tumorigenic cells such as CSCs. (AU)