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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Insights into the assembly rules of a continent-wide multilayer network

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Mello, Marco A. R. [1] ; Felix, Gabriel M. [2] ; Pinheiro, Rafael B. P. [3] ; Muylaert, Renata L. [4] ; Geiselman, Cullen [5] ; Santana, Sharlene E. [6, 7] ; Tschapka, Marco [8, 9] ; Lotfi, Nastaran [10, 11] ; Rodrigues, Francisco A. [10, 12, 13] ; Stevens, Richard D. [14]
Total Authors: 10
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[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, Dept Ecol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Grad Sch Ecol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Grad Sch Ecol Conservat & Wildlife Management, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ, Grad Sch Ecol & Biodivers, Rio Claro - Brazil
[5] Bat Conservat Int, Austin, TX - USA
[6] Univ Washington, Dept Biol, Seattle, WA 98195 - USA
[7] Univ Washington, Burke Museum Nat Hist & Culture, Seattle, WA 98195 - USA
[8] Ulm Univ, Inst Evolutionary Ecol & Conservat Genom, Ulm - Germany
[9] Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Balboa Ancon - Panama
[10] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Appl Math & Stat, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[11] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Phys Dept, Recife, PE - Brazil
[12] Univ Warwick, Math Inst, Coventry, W Midlands - England
[13] Univ Warwick, Ctr Complex Sci, Coventry, W Midlands - England
[14] Texas Tech Univ, Dept Nat Resources Management, Lubbock, TX 79409 - USA
Total Affiliations: 14
Document type: Journal article
Source: NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION; v. 3, n. 11, p. 1525-1532, NOV 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

How are ecological systems assembled? Identifying common structural patterns within complex networks of interacting species has been a major challenge in ecology, but researchers have focused primarily on single interaction types aggregating in space or time. Here, we shed light on the assembly rules of a multilayer network formed by frugivory and nectarivory interactions between bats and plants in the Neotropics. By harnessing a conceptual framework known as the integrative hypothesis of specialization, our results suggest that phylogenetic constraints separate species into different layers and shape the network's modules. Then, the network shifts to a nested structure within its modules where interactions are mainly structured by geographic co-occurrence. Finally, organismal traits related to consuming fruits or nectar determine which bat species are central or peripheral to the network. Our results provide insights into how different processes contribute to the assemblage of ecological systems at different levels of organization, resulting in a compound network topology. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/17739-4 - Landscape effects and the interaction between mammals and hantavirus in the Atlantic Forest
Grantee:Renata de Lara Muylaert
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/50144-0 - Dynamical processes on multilayer and dynamic networks
Grantee:Francisco Aparecido Rodrigues
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/20695-7 - A synthesis of the assembly rules of complex ecological systems
Grantee:Marco Aurelio Ribeiro de Mello
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/25682-5 - Information spreading in complex networks
Grantee:Francisco Aparecido Rodrigues
Support type: Regular Research Grants