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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Soil physical quality associated with tillage practices during sugarcane planting in south-central Brazil

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Barbosa, Leandro Carneiro [1, 2] ; Graziano Magalhaes, Paulo Sergio [3] ; Bordonal, Ricardo Oliveira [1] ; Cherubin, Mauricio Roberto [4] ; Ferreira Castioni, Guilherme Adalberto [1] ; Tenelli, Sarah [1, 5] ; Junqueira Franco, Henrique Coutinho [1] ; Nunes Carvalho, Joao Luis [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] LNBR CNPEM, Brazilian Biorenewables Natl Lab, Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat, Giuseppe Maximo Scolfaro St 10000, BR-13083100 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, FEAGRI UNICAMP, Fac Agr Engn, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] NIPE UNICAMP, Interdisciplinary Ctr Energy Planning, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Soil Sci, ESALQ, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Interdisciplinary PhD Program Bioenergy, Rua Monteiro Lobato 80, Cidade Univ, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: SOIL & TILLAGE RESEARCH; v. 195, DEC 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Soil tillage operations had been carried out during the sugarcane planting to improve soil's physical quality, thus providing proper conditions for sugarcane growth. Long-term field experiments were designed to assess the implications of tillage operations during sugarcane planting on soil physical quality and the associated effects on sugarcane yields under two soil types in south-central Brazil. In 2013, two treatments were arranged in a randomized block design with four repetitions: (i) conventional tillage (CT) and ii) no-tillage (NT). Undisturbed soil samples were collected representing the row and inter-row positions to a 0.40-m depth (0-0.10, 0.10-0.20 and 0.20-0.40 m) over four crop cycles (from 2014 to 2017). In the laboratory, bulk density (BD), soil resistance to penetration (SRP), snacroporosity (MaP) and microporosity (MiP) were evaluated. Additionally, sugarcane yields were measured annually using an instrumented truck equipped with load cells. CT management alleviated soil compaction only in the plant cane cycle, indicating that the intensive machinery traffic performed in sugarcane harvesting nullify the effects of tillage practices. The opening of planting furrow in both tillage systems reduced soil physical limitations, thus favoring the crop development in the row position. The changes in soil physical attributes were observed mostly in the inter-row position. In clayey soil, BD increased by 24 and 16%, and the SRP by 63 and 55% in the 0-0.10 m layer from plant cane to 3rd ratoon for CT and NT, respectively. Similarly, in sandy loam soil, the SRP increased over time in the 0-0.10 m layer for CT and NT, reaching values higher than 2 MPa. Likewise, MaP decreased for values lower than 0.10 m(3) m(-3) after four years for both soils and tillage systems. Regardless of soil type, tillage management did not show differences in sugarcane yields over the assessed period. Our findings suggest that NT could be a feasible strategy to reduce soil mobilization and its negative implications on several ecosystem services without compromise sugarcane yield. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/09845-7 - Implications of expansion and management intensification on soil ecosystem services
Grantee:Maurício Roberto Cherubin
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/23978-7 - Soil carbon dynamics and greenhouse gas balance: implications of sugarcane straw removal for bioenergy production
Grantee:Ricardo de Oliveira Bordonal
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants