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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Rock star flowers: Conchocarpus hendrixii (Galipeinae, Rutaceae), a new species from Eastern Brazil with notes on its phylogenetic position in the genus

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Groppo, Milton [1] ; Costa, Idima Goncalves [2] ; Bruniera, Carla Poleselli [3] ; Ferreira, Carolina [1] ; Afonso, Laura [1] ; Maeoka, Heloisa Midori [1] ; Dutra, Fernanda Vitorete [4] ; Gasparino, Eduardo Custodio [4] ; Ferreira, Paola de Lima [1]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Dept Biol, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14051901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Plantarum, Ave Brasil 2000 Dist Ind 2, BR-13460000 Nova Odessa, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Campus Diadema, Rua Sao Nicolau 210, BR-09913030 Diadema, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet Jaboticabal, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castellane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PHYTOTAXA; v. 422, n. 1, p. 75-92, OCT 21 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

A new species, Conchocarpus hendrixii (tribe Galipeinae, Rutaceae), is described and illustrated. To date, this new species is known from populations observed in the municipalities of Cardoso Moreira and Sao Fidelis in Serra da Bandeira/Serra da Vista mountain ranges in northern Rio de Janeiro state in the Atlantic Rainforest biome and was brought to light as an undescribed species thanks to photographs shared on the social media site Facebook. The epithet ``hendrixii{''} is in honor of Jimi Hendrix, guitarist and singer-songwriter, who wrote the song ``Purple Haze,{''} in reference to the purple color of the flowers of the new species. Analyzes showed that flowers of the new species bear a staminal tube, a characteristic present only in C. odoratissimus among the Conchocarpus. However, this species bears flowers with much shorter staminal tubes (c. 2-2.5 mm in length v. 1-1.2 cm in the new species) and smaller flowers, among other morphologically dissimilar characteristics. Molecular phylogenetic analysis using nuclear (ITS-1 and IT-2) and plastidial markers (trnL-trnF and rps16 intron) were conducted and demonstrated that the new species belongs to an internal clade in Conchocarpus, together with species formerly assigned to Almeidea (currently included in Conchocarpus). The presence of pantoporate pollen grains, a synapomorphic trait to this clade supports the molecular results. Conservation status as well as data from foliar and floral (with an emphasis on the staminal tube) anatomy are presented. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/06336-0 - Phylogenetic and systematic studies in Rutaceae: cladistic analysis and position of Almeidea A.St.-Hil. within Galipeinae (Galipeae, Rutoideae) inferred from morphological and molecular data.
Grantee:Carla Poleselli Bruniera
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 06/03170-0 - Phylogenetic and systematic studies in Rutaceae: phylogeny and delimitation of Galipeinae (Galipeae) based on nuclear and plastidial DNA sequences
Grantee:Milton Groppo Júnior
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/06260-2 - Integrative systematic studies in Neotropical families, with emphasis on Rutaceae, Asteraceae and Rubiaceae
Grantee:Milton Groppo Júnior
Support type: Regular Research Grants