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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genome skimming is a low-cost and robust strategy to assemble complete mitochondrial genomes from ethanol preserved specimens in biodiversity studies

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Trevisan, Bruna [1] ; Alcantara, Daniel M. C. [1] ; Machado, Denis Jacob [1, 2] ; Marques, Fernando P. L. [1] ; Lahr, Daniel J. G. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, Dept Zool, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ North Carolina Charlotte, Coll Comp & Informat, Dept Bioinformat & Genom, Charlotte, NC - USA
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PeerJ; v. 7, SEP 13 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Global loss of biodiversity is an ongoing process that concerns both local and global authorities. Studies of biodiversity mainly involve traditional methods using morphological characters and molecular protocols. However, conventional methods are a time consuming and resource demanding task. The development of high-throughput sequencing (HTS) techniques has reshaped the way we explore biodiversity and opened a path to new questions and novel empirical approaches. With the emergence of HTS, sequencing the complete mitochondrial genome became more accessible, and the number of genome sequences published has increased exponentially during the last decades. Despite the current state of knowledge about the potential of mitogenomics in phylogenetics, this is still a relatively under-explored area for a multitude of taxonomic groups, especially for those without commercial relevance, non-models organisms and with preserved DNA. Here we take the first step to assemble and annotate the genomes from HTS data using a new protocol of genome skimming which will offer an opportunity to extend the field of mitogenomics to under-studied organisms. We extracted genomic DNA from specimens preserved in ethanol. We used Nextera XT DNA to prepare indexed paired-end libraries since it is a powerful tool for working with diverse samples, requiring a low amount of input DNA. We sequenced the samples in two different Illumina platform (MiSeq or NextSeq 550). We trimmed raw reads, filtered and had their quality tested accordingly. We performed the assembly using a baiting and iterative mapping strategy, and the annotated the putative mitochondrion through a semi-automatic procedure. We applied the contiguity index to access the completeness of each new mitogenome. Our results reveal the efficiency of the proposed method to recover the whole mitogenomes of preserved DNA from non-model organisms even if there are gene rearrangement in the specimens. Our findings suggest the potential of combining the adequate platform and library to the genome skimming as an innovative approach, which opens a new range of possibilities of its use to obtain molecular data from organisms with different levels of preservation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/20792-7 - Phylogeny of the subfamily Streblidae (Diptera: Streblidae) and the history of host-parasite associations
Grantee:Daniel Maximo Corrêa de Alcantara
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/04585-3 - Deciphering the major trends of molecular and morphological evolution in the Amoebozoa
Grantee:Daniel José Galafasse Lahr
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/11063-4 - Systematic of Rhinebothrium Linton, 1890 and composition of Rhinebothriidae Euzet, 1953 (Platyhelminthes: Cestoda)
Grantee:Bruna Trevisan Souza Szucko
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/03534-0 - Systematics of Rhinebothrium Linton, 1890 and the composition of the Rhinebothriidae Euzet, 1953 (Platyhelminthes: Cestoda): a new approach for an old problem in cestodes systematics
Grantee:Fernando Portella de Luna Marques
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants