Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The lectin-specific activity of Toxoplasma gondii microneme proteins 1 and 4 binds Toll-like receptor 2 and 4 N-glycans to regulate innate immune priming

Full text
Show less -
Sardinha-Silva, Aline [1, 2] ; Mendonca-Natividade, Flavia C. [1] ; Pinzan, Camila F. [1] ; Lopes, Carla D. [1] ; Costa, Diego L. [2] ; Jacot, Damien [3] ; Fernandes, Fabricio F. [1] ; Zorzetto-Fernandes, Andre L. V. [1] ; Gay, Nicholas J. [4] ; Sher, Alan [2] ; Jankovic, Dragana [2] ; Soldati-Favre, Dominique [3] ; Grigg, Michael E. [2] ; Roque-Barreira, Maria Cristina [1]
Total Authors: 14
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, FMRP, Dept Cell & Mol Biol & Pathogen Bioagents, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] NIAID, Lab Parasit Dis, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 - USA
[3] Univ Geneva, CMU, Dept Microbiol & Mol Med, Geneva - Switzerland
[4] Univ Cambridge, Dept Biochem, Cambridge - England
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLOS PATHOGENS; v. 15, n. 6 JUN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Infection of host cells by Toxoplasma gondii is an active process, which is regulated by secretion of microneme (MICs) and rhoptry proteins (ROPs and RONs) from specialized organelles in the apical pole of the parasite. MIC1, MIC4 and MIC6 assemble into an adhesin complex, secreted on the parasite surface and function to promote infection competency. MIC1 and MIC4 are known to bind terminal sialic acid residues and galactose residues, respectively and to induce IL-12 production from splenocytes. Here we show that rMIC1- and rMIC4-stimulated dendritic cells and macrophages to produce proinflammatory cytokines, and they do so by engaging TLR2 and TLR4. This process depends on sugar recognition, since point mutations in the carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRD) of rMIC1 and rMIC4 inhibit innate immune cells activation. HEK cells transfected with TLR2 glycomutants were selectively unresponsive to MICs. Following in vitro infection, parasites lacking MIC1 or MIC4, as well as expressing MIC proteins with point mutations in their CRD, failed to induce wild-type (WT) levels of IL-12 secretion by innate immune cells. However, only MIC1 was shown to impact systemic levels of IL-12 and IFN-gamma in vivo. Together, our data show that MIC1 and MIC4 interact physically with TLR2 and TLR4 N-glycans to trigger IL-12 responses, and MIC1 is playing a significant role in vivo by altering T. gondii infection competency and murine pathogenesis. Author summary Toxoplasmosis is caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, belonging to the Apicomplexa phylum. This phylum comprises important parasites able to infect a broad diversity of animals, including humans. A particularity of T. gondii is its ability to invade virtually any nucleated cell of all warm-blooded animals through an active process, which depends on the secretion of adhesin proteins. These proteins are discharged by specialized organelles localized in the parasite apical region, and termed micronemes and rhoptries. We show in this study that two microneme proteins from T. gondii utilize their adhesion activity to stimulate innate immunity. These microneme proteins, denoted MIC1 and MIC4, recognize specific sugars on receptors expressed on the surface of mammalian immune cells. This binding activates these innate immune cells to secrete cytokines, which promotes efficient host defense mechanisms against the parasite and regulate their pathogenesis. This activity promotes a chronic infection by controlling parasite replication during acute infection. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/04088-0 - Lectin from pathogens
Grantee:Maria Cristina Roque Antunes Barreira
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/12950-0 - Study on signaling pathways triggered by interaction of microneme proteins of Toxoplasma gondii with glycans toll-like receptors 2 and 4
Grantee:Aline Sardinha da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/13324-1 - Interaction of microneme proteins of Toxoplasma gondii with N-linked glycans of TLR4: effects on innate immunity
Grantee:Flávia Costa Mendonça Natividade
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate