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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Metformin as an add-on to insulin improves periodontal response during orthodontic tooth movement in type 1 diabetic rats

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Mena Laura, Ever Elias [1] ; Cestari, Tania Mary [1] ; Almeida, Rodrigo [2] ; Pereira, Daniela Santos [1] ; Taga, Rumio [1] ; Garlet, Gustavo Pompermaier [1] ; Assis, Gerson Francisco [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Dent Bauru, Dept Biol Sci, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Bioproc & Biotechnol, UNESP, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Periodontology; v. 90, n. 8, p. 920-931, AUG 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Background Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is associated with delayed tissue healing and bone loss. Periodontal tissues during tooth movement (OTM) in T1D and under diabetic treatment are poorly understood. We aimed to study the effect of metformin as an add-on to insulin therapy on periodontal structures during OTM in T1D rats. Methods Rats were divided into normoglycemic (NG, n = 20) and streptozotocin-induced diabetic groups that were untreated (T1D, n = 20), treated with insulin (I-T1D, n = 20), or treated with insulin plus metformin (IM-T1D, n = 20). After 7 days of treatment, the first right upper molar (M1) was moved mesially. At days 0, 3, 7 and 14, the pattern of OTM and the periodontal tissues were analyzed by micro-CT, histomorphometry, and immunohistochemistry for TRAP. Results In T1D, major osteoclastogenic activity and bone loss versus other groups were confirmed by a greater TRAP-positive cell number and reabsorption surface on both the pressure and tension sides for 14 days (p < 0.01). Additionally, we observed low bone volume density. Metformin plus insulin resulted in a daily insulin dose reduction and major glycemic control versus I-T1D. Although no significant differences were observed between I-T1D and IM-T1D, the tooth displacement and inclination, periodontal ligament thickness, and alveolar bone density on the pressure side in IM-T1D were similar to that of NG (p > 0.05). Conclusion Antidiabetic treatment reduces severe periodontal damage during applied orthodontic force in T1D untreated rats. Metformin as an add-on to insulin therapy resulted in glycemic control and a periodontal tissue response to orthodontic forces that was similar to that of normoglycemic rats. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/07080-2 - Influence of anti-diabetic drugs on alveolar bone metabolism during tooth movement in experimental models of type 1 and 2 diabetic rats
Grantee:Gerson Francisco de Assis
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants