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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

7-Ketocholesterol Promotes Oxiapoptophagy in Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cell from Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia

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Paz, Jessica Liliane [1] ; Levy, Debora [1] ; Oliveira, Beatriz Araujo [1] ; de Melo, Thatiana Correia [1] ; de Freitas, Fabio Alessandro [1] ; Reichert, Cadiele Oliana [1] ; Rodrigues, Alessandro [2] ; Pereira, Juliana [3] ; Bydlowski, Sergio Paulo [1, 3, 4]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Lab Genet & Mol Hematol LIM31, Dept Hematol, Hosp Clin HCFMUSP, BR-05403000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Exactas & Terra, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Ctr Innovat & Translat Med, Dept Med, BR-05403000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] CNPq, Natl Inst Sci & Technol Regenerat Med INCT Regene, BR-21941902 Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: CELLS; v. 8, n. 5 MAY 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

7-Ketocholesterol (7-KC) is a cholesterol oxidation product with several biological functions. 7-KC has the capacity to cause cell death depending on the concentration and specific cell type. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells with the ability to differentiate into various types of cells, such as osteoblasts and adipocytes, among others. MSCs contribute to the development of a suitable niche for hematopoietic stem cells, and are involved in the development of diseases, such as leukemia, to a yet unknown extent. Here, we describe the effect of 7-KC on the death of bone marrow MSCs from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (LMSCs). LMSCs were less susceptible to the death-promoting effect of 7-KC than other cell types. 7-KC exposure triggered the extrinsic pathway of apoptosis with an increase in activated caspase-8 and caspase-3 activity. Mechanisms other than caspase-dependent pathways were involved. 7-KC increased ROS generation by LMSCs, which was related to decreased cell viability. 7-KC also led to disruption of the cytoskeleton of LMSCs, increased the number of cells in S phase, and decreased the number of cells in the G1/S transition. Autophagosome accumulation was also observed. 7-KC downregulated the SHh protein in LMSCs but did not change the expression of SMO. In conclusion, oxiapoptophagy (OXIdative stress + APOPTOsis + autophagy) seems to be activated by 7-KC in LMSCs. More studies are needed to better understand the role of 7-KC in the death of LMSCs and the possible effects on the SHh pathway. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/10073-5 - Organocatalysis: design, synthesis and applications in stereoselective organic reactions
Grantee:Alessandro Rodrigues
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/21676-0 - Enantioselective haloamination reactions aiming the synthesis of aminodiols
Grantee:Alessandro Rodrigues
Support type: Regular Research Grants