Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Sensitization to the prosocial effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)

Full text
Curry, Daniel W. [1] ; Berro, Lais F. [1] ; Belkoff, Andie R. [1] ; Sulima, Agnieszka [2, 3] ; Rice, Kenner C. [2, 3] ; Howell, Leonard L. [1, 4]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Emory Univ, Div Neuropharmacol & Neurol Dis, Yerkes Natl Primate Res Ctr, Atlanta, GA 30322 - USA
[2] NIDA, Drug Design & Synth Sect, Mol Targets & Medicat Discovery Branch, Bethesda, MD 20892 - USA
[3] NIAAA, Bethesda, MD - USA
[4] Emory Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Atlanta, GA - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Neuropharmacology; v. 151, p. 13-20, JUN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

The recreational drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) has well documented prosocial effects and is currently under clinical investigation as a treatment for patients with PTSD, autism, and other conditions. Early clinical trials have found that MDMA-assisted therapy may have robust long-lasting therapeutic effects, yet the mechanism by which acute treatments produce these long-term effects is unclear. Sensitization to certain behavioral drug effects is a common rodent model used to assess long-lasting neurobiological adaptations induced by acute drug treatments. Nine independent experiments were undertaken to investigate if and how mice sensitize to the prosocial effects of MDMA. When treated with 7.8 mg/kg MDMA and paired every other day for a week, MDMA-induced social interaction increased precipitously across treatment sessions. This previously unreported phenomenon was investigated and found to be heavily influenced by a social context and 5-HT2AR activation. Social sensitization did not appear to develop if mice were administered MDMA in isolation, and pretreatment with MDL100907, a selective 5-HT2AR antagonist, inhibited the development of social sensitization. However, when MDL100907 was administered to mice that had already been sensitized, it did not attenuate social interaction, suggesting that 5-HT2AR activity may be necessary for the development of social sensitization but not the expression of MDMA-induced social behavior. Additional investigation is warranted to further explore the phenomenon of social sensitization and to determine the underlying neurobiological mechanisms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/25482-3 - Effects of hypnotic drugs on methamphetamine-related behaviors: an ethological and molecular study in rodents and non-human primates
Grantee:Laís Fernanda Berro
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate