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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Environmental quality survey of an industrialized estuary and an Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve through a comparative appraisal of organic pollutants

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Fontenelle, Fabiana Ribeiro [1] ; Taniguchi, Satie [1] ; da Silva, Josilene [1] ; Lourenco, Rafael Andre [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] IOUSP, Praca Oceanog 191, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Environmental Pollution; v. 248, p. 339-348, MAY 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

An evaluation of the concentrations, bioavailability and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) was performed in the industrialized estuary of Santos-Sao Vicente and in the Cananeia-Iguape estuarine lagoon system, considered an Atlantic forest biosphere reserve, using different approaches. Semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) and bivalves (Crassostrea brasiliana) were deployed in both estuarine systems. Samples of water, suspended particulate material (PM), and sediments were also collected in these regions. The concentrations of PAHs in the water and in the PM from both estuarine systems were similar. In the sediment, the concentrations of PAHs and POPs were higher in the estuary of Santos-Sao Vicente than in the Cananeia-Iguape estuarine lagoon system. The accumulation of PAHs and POPs by the SPMD and C. brasiliana revealed that in both regions the bioavailability of contaminants was similar. Because of the hydrophobicity of the organic compounds, each matrix responded in a different manner to the source of the contaminants; C brasiliana and sediment were primarily associated with 4-5 ring-PAHs that represent pyrolytic sources of hydrocarbons, whereas water and the SPMDs were correlated with the 2-3 ring-PAHs, which represent petrogenic sources. The PM produced an intermediated concentration among these compartments and was related to the concentration of POPs. Because no significant differences between the mean concentrations of contaminants in both studied regions were observed, anthropogenic effects currently impact the Cananeia-Iguape lagoon system, which was initially considered a pristine area. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/20497-2 - Bioaccumulation assessment of organic contaminants in the estuarine system of Santos-São Vicente, SP and in the lagoon-estuarine system Cananéia -Iguape, SP
Grantee:Rafael Andre Lourenço
Support type: Regular Research Grants