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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cryotherapy reduces muscle hypertonia, but does not affect lower limb strength or gait kinematics post-stroke: a randomized controlled crossover study

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Alcantara, Carolina Carmona [1] ; Blanco, Julia [1] ; De Oliveira, Lucilene Maria [1] ; Savio Ribeiro, Paula Fernanda [1] ; Herrera, Esperanza [2] ; Nakagawa, Theresa Helissa [1] ; Reisman, Darcy S. [3] ; Michaelsen, Stella Maris [4] ; Garcia, Luccas Cavalcanti [1] ; Russo, Thiago Luiz [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Fed Univ Sao Carlos UFSCar, Dept Phys Therapy, Lab Neurol Physiotherapy Res, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] UIS, Phys Therapy Sch, Bucaramanga - Colombia
[3] Univ Delaware, Dept Phys Therapy, Newark, DE - USA
[4] Univ Estado Santa Catarina, Dept Phys Therapy, Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation; v. 26, n. 4, p. 267-280, MAY 19 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Background: Based on the premise that spasticity might affect gait post-stroke, cryotherapy is among the techniques used to temporarily reduce spasticity in neurological patients. This effective technique would enhance muscle performance, and ultimately, functional training, such as walking. However, understanding whether a decrease in spasticity level, if any, would lead to improving muscle performance and gait parameters is not based on evidence and needs to be clarified.Objectives: to investigate the immediate effects of cryotherapy, applied to spastic plantarflexor muscles of subjects post-stroke, on tonus level, torque generation capacity of plantarflexors and dorsiflexors, and angular/spatiotemporal gait parameters.Methods: Sixteen chronic hemiparetic subjects participated in this randomized controlled crossover study. Cryotherapy (ice pack) or Control (room temperature sand pack) were applied to the calf muscles of the paretic limb. The measurements taken (before and immediately after intervention) were: 1) Tonus according to the Modified Ashworth Scale; 2) Torque assessments were performed using an isokinetic dynamometer; and 3) Spatiotemporal and angular kinematics of the hip, knee, and ankle (flexion/extension), obtained using a tridimensional movement analysis system (Qualisys).Results: Cryotherapy decreased plantarflexor tonus but did not change muscle torque generation capacity and did not affect spatiotemporal or angular parameters during gait compared to control application. These findings contribute to the evidence-based approach to clinical rehabilitation post-stroke.Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that cryotherapy applied to the calf muscles of subjects with chronic hemiparesis reduces muscle hypertonia but does not improve dorsiflexors and plantarflexors performance and gait parameters. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/13655-6 - Sedentary behaviour and arterial dysfunction in chronic post-stroke subjects
Grantee:Thiago Luiz de Russo
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/25805-1 - Immediate effects of cryotherapy on neuromuscular performance of ankle joint and on gait pattern of chronic spastic hemiparetic subjects post stroke
Grantee:Carolina Carmona de Alcântara
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/25845-6 - Effects of elastic tape on shoulder proprioception and sensory-motor performance during reaching in chronic hemiparetic subjects
Grantee:Gabriela Lopes dos Santos
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate