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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Associations of Temperament and Mental Disorders in Youth

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Author(s):
Hoffmann, Mauricio Scopel [1, 2] ; Pan, Pedro Mario [1, 3] ; Manfro, Gisele Gus [1, 4] ; Mari, Jair de Jesus [1, 3] ; Miguel, Euripedes Constantino [1, 5] ; Bressan, Rodrigo Affonseca [1, 3] ; Rohde, Luis Augusto [1, 4] ; Salum, Giovanni Abrahao [1, 4]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Natl Inst Dev Psychiat Children & Adolescents, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Santa Maria, Dept Neuropsiquiatria, Ave Roraima 1000, Bldg 26, Off 1446, BR-97105900 Santa Maria, RS - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Psiquiatria, Rua Borges Lagoa 570, BR-04038000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Psiquiatria & Med Legal, Rua Ramiro Barcelos 2350, BR-90035003 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Psiquiatria, Rua Dr Ovidio Pires de Campos 785, BR-01060970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT; v. 50, n. 3, p. 374-383, JUN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Here we evaluate the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between temperament and mental disorders in adolescents. Temperament was assessed in a cohort of 1540 youths by the revised self-report Early Adolescence Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R) at baseline and confirmatory factor analyses were used to test the best empirical model. Mental disorders were assessed by parental interview using the Development and Well-Being Behavior Assessment at baseline and at 3-year follow-up. Participants were grouped into Typically Developing Comparisons, Phobias, Distress, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Disruptive Behavior Disorders (DBD). Logistic regression models tested the effects of temperament on incidence and remission of mental disorders. The bifactor model of EATQ-R presented the best fit. Distress, ADHD and DBD have lower levels of effortful control in baseline. Adjusted longitudinal analysis showed that effortful control predicted lower incidence of Phobias (OR 0.74; p=0.018), distress (OR 0.74; p=0.014) and DBD (OR 0.68; p=0.037). Temperament factors did not predicted remission rates. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57896-8 - National Institute for Developmental Psychiatry
Grantee:Eurípedes Constantino Miguel Filho
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50917-0 - INCT 2014: developmental psychiatry for children and adolescents
Grantee:Eurípedes Constantino Miguel Filho
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants