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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Determination of cosmic-ray primary mass on an event-by-event basis using radio detection

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Carvalho, Jr., Washington R. [1] ; Alvarez-Muniz, Jaime [2, 3]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, Rua Matao 1371, Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Dept Fis Particulas, Santiago De Compostela 15782 - Spain
[3] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Inst Galego Fis Altas Enerxias, Santiago De Compostela 15782 - Spain
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Astroparticle Physics; v. 109, p. 41-49, MAY 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

We present a new methodology to discriminate between light and heavy ultra-high energy cosmic-ray primaries on an event-by-event basis using information from the radio detection of extensive air showers at MHz frequencies. Similarly to other methods to determine primary cosmic ray composition, the one presented here is based on comparisons between detected radio signals and Monte Carlo simulations for multiple primary cosmic ray compositions. Unlike other methods that first reconstruct the depth of maximum shower development X-max to relate it to the nature of the primaries, we instead infer the cosmic-ray composition directly. The method is most effective in the case of inclined showers that arrive at large zenith angles with respect to the vertical to the ground, where methods based on the determination of X-max lose accuracy. We show that a discrimination efficiency between 65% and 80% can be reached for zenith angles theta greater than or similar to 60 degrees, even when typical uncertainties in radio detection are taken into account, including shower energy uncertainty. Our methodology could in principle be applied in large and sparse radio arrays, designed with the large radio footprint of inclined showers in mind, to significantly increase the statistics of ultra-high energy cosmic-ray composition studies. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/15735-1 - Ultra-high energy cosmic ray composition study using the radio detection technique
Grantee:Washington Rodrigues de Carvalho Junior
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 18/18876-3 - Optimization of the OVRO-LWA radio array for cosmic-ray detection
Grantee:Washington Rodrigues de Carvalho Junior
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor