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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Land Use and Seasonal Effects on the Soil Microbiome of a Brazilian Dry Forest

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Lacerda-Junior, V, Gileno ; Noronha, Melline F. [1] ; Cabral, Lucelia [2, 1] ; Delforno, Thago P. [1] ; Pereira de Sousa, Sanderson Tarciso [1] ; Fernandes-Junior, I, Paulo ; Melo, Tamer S. [3] ; Oliveira, Valeria M. [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Lacerda-Junior, Gileno, V, Campinas State Univ UNICAMP, Chem Biol & Agr Fluridisciplinary Res Ctr CPQBA, Div Microbial Resources DRM, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Bioethanol Sci & Technol Lab CTBE, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Lacerda-Junior, Gileno, V, Embrapa Melo Ambiente, Brazilian Agr Res Corp, Jaguariuna - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 1

Drylands occupy approximately 41% of the Earth's terrestrial surface. Climate change and land use practices are expected to affect biogeochemical cycling by the soil microbiome in these ecosystems. Understanding how soil microbial community might respond to these drivers is extremely important to mitigate the processes of land degradation and desertification. The Caatinga, an exclusively Brazilian biome composed of an extensive seasonal tropical dry forest, is exposed to variable spatiotemporal rainfall patterns as well as strong human-driven pressures. Herein, an integrated analysis of shotgun metagenomics approach coupled to meteorological data was employed to unravel the impact of seasonality and land use change on soil microbiome from preserved and agriculture-affected experimental fields in Caatinga drylands. Multivariate analysis suggested that microbial communities of preserved soils under seasonal changes were shaped primarily by water deficit, with a strong increase of Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria members in the dry and rainy seasons, respectively. In contrast, nutrient availability notably played a critical role in driving the microbial community in agriculture-affected soils. The strong enrichment of bacterial genera belonging to the poorly-known phylum Acidobacteria ('Candidatus Solibacter' and `Candidatus Koribacter') in soils from dry season affected by ferti-irrigation practices presupposes a contrasting copiotrophic lifestyle and ecological role in mitigating the impact of chemical fertilization. Functional analyses identify overrepresented genes related to osmotic stress response (synthesis of osmoprotectant compounds, accumulation of potassium ions) and preferential carbon and nitrogen utilization when comparing the microbiome of preserved soils under seasonal changes, reflecting differences in the genetic potential for nutrient cycling and C acquisition in the environment. However, the prevalence of nitrosative stress and denitrification functions in irrigation/fertilization-affected soils of the dry season clearly suggest that nutrient input and disruption of natural water regime may impact biogeochemical cycles linked to the microbial processes, with potential impacts on the ecosystem functionality. These findings help to better understand how natural seasonality and agricultural management differentially affect soil microbial ecology from dry forests, providing support for the development of more sustainable land management in dryland ecosystems. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/09386-9 - Integrated metatranscriptomic and metagenomic analyses of Caatinga soil and genes prospection involved on the liginin degradation.
Grantee:Gileno Vieira Lacerda Júnior
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate