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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

QIM, CATA, and Word Association methods for quality assessment of flathead gray mullet (Mugil cephalus): Going beyond the trained panel

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de Godoy, Nathalia Tiyo [1] ; Veneziano, Andre Luis [1] ; Rodrigues, Larissa da Cunha [1] ; Schoffen Enke, Dariane B. [2] ; Lapa-Guimaraes, Judite [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Anim Sci & Food Engn FZEA, Av Duque de Caxias Norte 225, BR-13635900 Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP Univ, Registro Expt Campus ECR, Registro, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF SENSORY STUDIES; v. 34, n. 2 APR 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

This study aimed to verify how untrained assessors would perform the quality evaluation of the flathead gray mullet (Mugil cephalus) using Check-All-That-Apply (CATA) (n = 44) and Word Association (WA) (n = 112) methods by comparing the results with those from trained assessors (n = 5-9), using the Quality Index Method (QIM). Descriptors from QIM were adapted and used as CATA descriptors for the evaluation of fish with 3, 8, 10, 15, and 17 days of storage in ice. Images of fish with 3, 6, 10, 15, and 19 days of ice storage were used as stimuli for WA. The quality indices obtained from QIM and CATA presented a high correlation with r = .94 (p = .018). Multiple Factor Analysis revealed a high similarity between CATA and QIM sample configurations. Appropriate descriptors were selected in CATA for fish stored for different periods. This resulted in a better discrimination of samples in comparison with WA. M. cephalus, with 15 days of storage in ice, was rated unacceptable for consumption by both trained and untrained assessors. These findings showed that even untrained assessors were able to evaluate fish freshness, and thus emphasize the importance of actions aimed at maintaining the quality of raw fish from capture to commercialization. Practical applications The evaluation of fish quality by consumers has been considered tricky. Only more experienced fish consumers have confidence in their ability to judge the freshness of fish. However, our study showed that untrained individuals, confronted with the task of evaluating fish quality using both the CATA and the Word Association methods, performed very well. This allowed us to conclude that they were clearly able to evaluate freshness. Untrained individuals were neither stricter, nor more lenient than trained assessors in determining the shelf life of the flathead gray mullet. Our study joined many others that have concluded that CATA method-thanks to its easiness to perform-resulted in the discrimination of samples similar to that obtained with trained panels. These findings demonstrate that CATA and WA methods, designed to be applicable with untrained panels, were effective in the evaluation of fish freshness, thus providing a solution when trained assessors are not available. In addition, the importance of trading fish with high quality is clear, so that the consumers can receive value for their money and feel satisfied. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/09541-0 - Quality evaluation of flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus) and matrinxã (Brycon cephalus) - use of QIM scheme and consumer perceptions
Grantee:Nathália Tiyo de Godoy
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 13/21367-0 - Development of Quality Index Method (QIM) for freshness evaluation of streaked prochilod (Prochilodus lineatus) and flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus)
Grantee:Judite das Graças Lapa Guimarães
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants