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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Micro-Centrifugal Technique for Improved Assessment and Optimization of Nanomaterial Dispersions: The Case for Carbon Nanotubes

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King, Simon G. [1] ; Castaldelli, Evandro [2] ; McCaffterty, Liam [1] ; Silva, S. Ravi P. [1] ; Stolojan, Vlad [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Surrey, Adv Technol Inst, Guildford GU2 7XH, Surrey - England
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, FFCLRP, Dept Quim, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14040901 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: ACS APPLIED NANO MATERIALS; v. 1, n. 11, p. 6217-6225, NOV 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Large-scale incorporation of nanomaterials into manufactured materials can only take place if they are suitably dispersed and mobile within the constituent components, typically within a solution/ink formulation so that the additive process can commence. Natural hydrophobicity of many nanomaterials must be overcome for their successful incorporation into any solution-based manufacturing process. To date, this has been typically achieved using polymers or surfactants, rather than chemical functionalization, to preserve the remarkable properties of the nanomaterials. Quantifying surfactant or dispersion technique efficacy has been challenging. Here we introduce a new methodology to quantify dispersions applicable to high-weight fraction suspensions of most nanomaterials. It is based on centrifuging and weighing residue of undispersed material. This enables the determination of the efficacy of surfactants to dispeise nanomaterials (e.g., ultrasonication power and duration) and leads to increased nanomaterial solution loading. To demonstrate this technique, we assessed carbon nanotube dispersions using popular surfactants: Benzalkonium chloride (ADBAC), Brij52, Brij58, PluronicF127, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS), Triton X-100, TritonX-405, and Tween80, evaluating the dispersion outcome when varying sonicator power and horn depth as well as imaging sono-intensity within the solution with luminol. The methodology is shown to be applicable for high-weight fraction nanomaterial suspensions, enabling greater deployment. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/09719-5 - Electronic devices based on metal-organic frameworks bearing aromatic diimides as ligands
Grantee:Evandro Castaldelli
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/22379-6 - Metal-organic frameworks bearing aromatic diimides as ligands and their optical, photophysical and photoelectrochemical properties
Grantee:Evandro Castaldelli
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate