Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Prostate telocytes change their phenotype in response to castration or testosterone replacement

Full text
Felisbino, Sergio Luis [1] ; Azevedo Sanches, Bruno Domingos [2] ; Delella, Flavia Karina [1] ; Scarano, Wellerson Rodrigo [1] ; Alcantara Dos Santos, Fernanda Cristina [3] ; Leite Vilamaior, Patricia Simone [4] ; Taboga, Sebastiao Roberto [4] ; Justulin, Luis Antonio [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biosci, Lab Extracellular Matrix, Prof Dr Antonio Celso Wagner Zanin St 250, BR-18618689 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, Bertrand Russel Av, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Goias, Dept Histol Embryol & Cell Biol, Samambaia 2, BR-74001970 Goiania, Go - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Dept Biol, Lab Microscopy & Microanal, Cristovao Colombo St 2265, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 9, MAR 6 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Telocytes are CD34-positive cells with a fusiform cell body and long, thin cytoplasmic projections called telopodes. These cells were detected in the stroma of various organs, including the prostate. The prostate is a complex gland capable of undergoing involution due to low testosterone levels; and this condition can be reversed with testosterone replacement. Telocyte function in the mature prostate remains to be dermined, and it is not known whether telocytes can take place in tissue remodeling during prostate involution and regrowth. The present study employed structural, ultrastructural and immunohistochemical methods to investigate the telocyte's phenotypes in the ventral prostate (VP) from control (CT), castrated (CS) and testosterone replacement (TR) groups of adult male Wistar rats. Telocytes were found in the subepithelial, perimuscular and interstitical regions around glandular acini. Telocytes from CT animals have condensed chromatin and long and thin telopodes. In CS group, telocytes appeared quiescent and exhibited layers of folded up telopodes. After TR, telocytes presented loose chromatin, abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum and enlarged telopodes, closely associated with bundles of collagen fibrils. We called these cells ``telocytes with a synthetic phenotype{''}. As testosterone levels and glandular morphology returned toward to the CT group parameters, after 10 days ofTR, these telocytes progressively switched to the normal phenotype. Our results demonstrate that telocytes exhibit phenotypic plasticity upon androgen manipulation and interact with fibroblast and smooth muscle cells to maintain glandular architecture in control animals and during tissue remodeling after hormonal manipulation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/01063-7 - Integrative global analyzes of the rat ventral prostate submitted to maternal protein restriction and its repercussions with aging
Grantee:Luis Antonio Justulin Junior
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/26660-0 - Study of prostatic reactive stroma after bilateral orchiectomy and subsequent inhibition of aromatase activity by chrysin and inhibition of 5-alpha reductase activity by Finasteride
Grantee:Sebastião Roberto Taboga
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants