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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Isotopic composition of precipitation during strong El Nino-Southern Oscillation events in the Southeast Region of Brazil

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dos Santos, Vinicius [1] ; de Oliveira, Marcelo Dias [1] ; Boll, Jan [2] ; Sanchez-Murillo, Ricardo [3] ; Menegario, Amauri Antonio [1] ; Gozzo, Luiz Felippe [4] ; Gastmans, Didier [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Environm Studies Ctr, Av 24A, 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Washington State Univ, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Pullman, WA 99164 - USA
[3] Univ Nacl, Stable Isotope Res Grp, Heredia - Costa Rica
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, IPMET, Bauru Meteorol Ctr, Bauru - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Hydrological Processes; v. 33, n. 4, p. 647-660, FEB 15 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature variations interact with processes of atmospheric circulation, creating conditions for the occurrence of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). ENSO events represent the most important interannual phenomena affecting climate patterns worldwide and causing significant socio-economic impacts. In the Brazilian territory, ENSO leads to an increase in drought episodes in the north-eastern region and an increase in precipitation in the southern region, whereas the effects over the south-east region are yet not well understood. The main goal of this study is to compare variations of isotopic composition in precipitation across the south-east portion of the Brazilian territory during two very strong ENSO events: 1997-1998 (ENSO 1) and 2014-2016 (ENSO 2). Daily isotopic records, available from the Global Network of Isotopes in Precipitation database for ENSO 1, and samples collected during ENSO 2 were used to compare the influence of both events on the isotopic composition of precipitation. Seasonal variations indicated more depleted precipitation during the wet seasons (delta O-18=-5.4 +/- 4.0 parts per thousand) and enriched precipitation during the dry seasons (delta O-18=-2.8 +/- 2.3 parts per thousand). Observed rainfall variations were associated with atmospheric large-scale processes and moisture transport from the Amazon region, whereas extreme values (enriched or depleted) appear to be associated with particular convective and stratiform precipitation events. Overall, more depleted isotopic composition of precipitation (delta O-18=-4.60 parts per thousand) and higher d-excess (up to +15 parts per thousand) were observed during the dry season of ENSO 1 when compared with ENSO 2 dry season (delta O-18 parts per thousand=-2.80 parts per thousand, d-excess lower than +14 parts per thousand). The latter is explained by greater atmospheric moisture content, particularly associated with recycling of transpiration fluxes from the Amazon region, during dry season of ENSO 1. No significant differences for delta O-18 and H-2 were observed during the wet season; however, d-excess from ENSO 2 was greater than ENSO 1, due to the slightly greater atmospheric moisture content and very strong upward motion observed. Our findings highlight the opportunity that environmental isotopes offer towards understanding hydrometeorological processes, particularly, the evolution of extreme climatic events of global resonance such as ENSO. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/18735-5 - Isotopic composition of precipitation and its relationship with climatic variability in the southern central portion of São Paulo State (BR)
Grantee:Vinícius dos Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 15/15749-2 - Stable isotopes applications for the assessment of the hydrological cycle process: precipitation and small catchments in São Paulo State, BR
Grantee:Didier Gastmans
Support type: Regular Research Grants