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Influence of seminal plasma from sperm-rich fraction of ejaculate on capacitation and hyperactivation of boar sperm stored at 17 °C for 72 hours

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Ana Paula Pinoti Pavaneli
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Pirassununga.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
André Furugen Cesar de Andrade; João Diego de Agostini Losano; Marc Yeste Oliveras
Advisor: André Furugen Cesar de Andrade

Liquid storage is the main form of preservation of boar sperm prior to its use in artificial insemination. Despite the constant improvement of commercial extenders in favor of maintaining sperm viability, it is known that structural and mainly functional alterations occur in these cells in response to low storage temperatures. Furthermore, although these modifications are often not identified by routine analyzes, their direct effects on the fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa have been reported. In view of this, in vitro studies aiming to identify possible actions of seminal plasma as modulator of sperm function have yielded controversial results. Therefore, the present work aimed to evaluate how the presence or absence of seminal plasma during liquid storage may influence the responsiveness of spermatozoa to capacitation and hyperactivation events. For this, liquid boar sperm stored at 17 °C for 72 hours in the presence or not of the seminal plasma were submitted to in vitro capacitation. During the course, sperm motility characteristics were evaluated by computer-assisted semen analysis; and sperm functionality by flow cytometry. Results obtained from lipid disorder, phosphatidylserine translocation and plasma membrane permeability analyzes have shown that liquid boar sperm stored in the presence or not of seminal plasma are able to respond to in vitro capacitation in a similar way. For motility parameters including the study of hyperactivated boar sperm, results were similar for both groups, demonstrating that previous exposure to seminal plasma was not able to influence on sperm motility pattern. In addition, semen quality parameters evaluated in this study support our current observations that the absence of contact between spermatozoa and components of seminal plasma during liquid storage does not reflect any detrimental effect on sperm quality, besides offering greater resistance to these cells against acrosome damages (P < 0.05). Therefore, the present study concluded that the removal of seminal plasma prior to liquid storage of boar spermatozoa at 17 °C for 72 hours is not detrimental to its quality and functionality, and may still be beneficial to its fertilizing capacity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/02186-2 - Influence of seminal plasma from rich fraction of boar ejaculated on capacitation and hyperactivation of the swine sperm stored at 17ºC for 72 hours
Grantee:Ana Paula Pinoti Pavaneli
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master