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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Water temperature and acid pH influence the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of aluminum in the freshwater teleost Astyanax altiparanae (Teleostei: Characidae)

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Silva Pinheiro, Joao Paulo [1] ; de Assis, Cecilia Bertacini [1] ; Munoz-Penuela, Marcela [1] ; Barbosa Junior, Fernando [2] ; Correia, Tiago Gabriel [3] ; Moreira, Renata Guimaraes [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, Dept Physiol, Lab Metab & Reprod Aquat Organisms LAMEROA, Matao St, 14 Lane, 101 Room 220, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto FCFRP, Cafe Ave, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Amapa, Biol Sci Course, Juscelino Kubitschek Highway, Macapa, AP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Chemosphere; v. 220, p. 266-274, APR 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

The toxicity of metals, including aluminum (Al), can be potentiated by temperature and acid pH, a concern in view of the current global warming scenario. The aim of this study was to evaluate the bioconcentration of Al in the testes and semen of Astyanax altiparanae and the potential of this metal, at different environmental temperatures and acid pH, to cause cytotoxicity and genotocixity in erythrocytes and spermatozoa. A. altiparanae males were divided into nine experimental groups: at each of three different water temperatures (20, 25 and 30 degrees C), the fish were exposed to a neutral pH, an acid pH and acidic water containing Al (0.5 mg.L-1). The fish were subjected to subacute, semi-static exposure and sampled at 24 and 96 h. After each exposure period the comet assay (blood and semen) and micronucleus test (blood) were performed. Bioconcentration of Al was evaluated in the testes and semen. Exposure time and temperature influenced the Al bioconcentration pattern in the testes. Al concentration in the semen was higher in fish exposed at 20 and 25 degrees C (24 h). The DNA fragmentation score for the semen and blood was higher in fish exposed to Al at 20 (24 h) and 30 degrees C (96 h). The frequency of nuclear abnormalities in erythrocytes was higher in the group exposed to Al at 30 degrees C (96 h). It was concluded that Al bioconcentrates in the testes and semen of A. altiparanae at different temperatures and is potentially cytotoxic and genotoxic to erythrocytes and spermatozoa in this species. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/08770-8 - Evaluation of the semen quality, mutagenicity and genotoxicity in Astyanax altiparanae (Teleostei, Characidae) exposed to aluminum in different water temperatures
Grantee:João Paulo Silva Pinheiro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/16320-7 - Impacts of climate/environmental change on the fauna: an integrative approach
Grantee:Carlos Arturo Navas Iannini
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants