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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of the administration of pentoxifylline and prednisolone on the evolution of portal fibrogenesis secondary to biliary obstruction in growing animals: immunohistochemical analysis of the expression of TGF-β and VEGF

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Author(s):
Wagner de Castro Andrade [1] ; Luiz Fernando Ferraz da Silva [2] ; Maria Cecilia de Mendonça Coelho [3] ; Ana Cristina Aoun Tannuri [4] ; Venancio Avancini Ferreira Alves [5] ; Uenis Tannuri [6]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Pediatric Surgery Division - Brasil
[2] Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Pediatric Surgery Division - Brasil
[3] Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Pediatric Surgery Division - Brasil
[4] Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Pediatric Surgery Division - Brasil
[5] Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Pediatric Surgery Division - Brasil
[6] Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Pediatric Surgery Division - Brasil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Clinics; v. 67, n. 12, p. 1455-1461, 2012-12-00.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: During the neonatal and infancy periods, some chronic liver diseases may lead to progressive hepatic fibrosis, which is a condition that can ultimately result in the loss of organ function and severe portal hypertension necessitating hepatic transplantation. In a previous report, pharmacological interventions were demonstrated to modulate hepatic fibrosis induced by bile duct ligation in young rats. The administration of pentoxifylline or prednisolone, or the combination of both, resulted in reduced fibrogenesis in portal spaces. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the expression of transforming growth factor β and vascular endothelial growth factor after bile duct ligation in young rats and to assess the effect of those same drugs on cytokine expression. METHODS: In this experimental study, 80 young rats (21 or 22 days old) were submitted either to laparotomy and common bile duct ligation or to sham surgery. The animals were allocated into four groups according to surgical procedure, and the following treatments were administered: (1) common bile duct ligation + distilled water, (2) sham surgery + distilled water, (3) common bile duct ligation + pentoxifylline, or (4) common bile duct ligation + prednisolone. After 30 days, a hepatic fragment was collected from each animal for immunohistochemical analysis using monoclonal antibodies against transforming growth factor β and vascular endothelial growth factor. Digital morphometric and statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: The administration of pentoxifylline reduced the transforming growth factor β-marked area and the amount of transforming growth factor β expressed in liver tissue. This effect was not observed after the administration of prednisolone. There was a significant reduction in vascular endothelial growth factor expression after the administration of either drug compared with the non-treatment group. CONCLUSIONS: The administration of pentoxifylline to cholestatic young rats resulted in the diminished expression of transforming growth factor β and vascular endothelial growth factor in liver tissue. The administration of steroids resulted in the diminished expression of vascular endothelial growth factor only. These pathways may be involved in hepatic fibrogenesis in young rats submitted to bile duct ligation and exposed to pentoxifylline or prednisolone. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/07225-2 - Experimental model of biliary obstruction in young rats: histological analysis and pharmacological modulation with prednisolone e pentoxifylline
Grantee:Uenis Tannuri
Support type: Regular Research Grants