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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Study of metals toxicity (zinc and cadmium) to Ceriodaphnia dubia, for multi-exposition and biological recovery of offspring

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Marcela Merides Carvalho [1] ; Vivian Silva Lira [2] ; Cláudia Hitomi Watanabe [3] ; Renata Fracácio [4]
Total Authors: 4
[1] UNESP. Laboratório Toxicologia de Contaminantes Ambientais e Histologia - Brasil
[2] UNESP. Laboratório Toxicologia de Contaminantes Ambientais e Histologia - Brasil
[3] UNESP. Laboratório de Química - Brasil
[4] Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”. Departamento de Toxicologia Ambiental - Brasil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Engenharia Sanitária e Ambiental; v. 22, n. 5, p. 961-968, 2017-08-03.

ABSTRACT Metals are often evaluated in fresh water as dissolved solutions, assuming that the toxic effect is caused only by water (respiration and contact). However, toxicity studies in food and water, in a concomitant way, as occurs in the environment, are less discussed. In this study, zinc and cadmium toxicity was evaluated through the exposure of Ceriodaphnia dubia to contaminated food and water. The species of green algae Raphidocelis subcapitata was exposed for 96h to concentrations of Zn (0,18 and 0,27 mg.L-1) and Cd (0,001 and 0,0015 mg.L-1). The results were statistically analyzed by means of Analysis of Variance (Kruskal-Wallis). Algae were used as food source for C. dubia, during chronic exposure (eight days) in the same concentrations described. Subsequently, neonates (F1 generation) were introduced in non-contaminated water and food in order to ascertain their biological recovery capacity. The number of newborns by individuals, morphology of newborns, and quantification of metals in biological tissue were evaluated. The results showed that the tested concentrations did not inhibit the growth of R. subcapitata, while C. dubia had chronic toxicity, with reduction in the reproductive rate in both generations, for both metals. The results allowed the conclusion that, even at relatively low concentrations, the metals zinc and cadmium can alter the reproductive patterns of freshwater invertebrates, compromising the aquatic ecosystem and its resilience. Thus, considering the toxic effects of these metals and their interference in the biological system, new ecotoxicological tests should be performed to allow a better understanding of the behavior of these substances in organisms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/14583-5 - Study of the behavior ofndocrine disrupters in water and sediments made by chemical analyzes and ecotoxicological tests: emphasis on the biological recovery
Grantee:Renata Fracácio Francisco
Support type: Regular Research Grants