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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of dietary supplements in American bullfrogs reared in low and high stocking densities

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Gradisse Freitas, Jorgina Juliana [1] ; Viau, Priscila [2] ; Oliviera, Claudio Alvarenga [2] ; Teixeira, Patricia Coelho [1] ; Tachibana, Leonardo [1] ; Dias, Danielle de Carla [1] ; Hipolito, Marcio [3] ; Bordon, Isabella Cristina C. [4] ; Alfaia, Sthefany Rosa [1] ; Ferreira, Claudia Maris [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] APTA SAA, Fisheries Inst, Av Francisco Matarazzo Ave 455, BR-05001970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Anim Reprod, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, FMVZ, Av Prof Dr Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, BR-05508270 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] APTA SAA, Biol Inst, Av Conselheiro Rodrigues Alves 1252, BR-04014002 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, NEPEA, Campus Litoral Paulista, BR-11330900 Sao Vicente, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: AQUACULTURE REPORTS; v. 8, p. 45-48, NOV 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the probiotic Bacillus subtillis and beta-glucan from the fungus Agaricus blazei on survival, growth and immunological capacity in bullfrogs (Lithobates catesbeianus) cultured in low and high stocking densities. Animals weighing 24.3 +/- 2.38 g were randomly distributed into four treatments with four simultaneous replicates: D100: 100 frogs/m(2) (control); D236: 236 frogs/m(2); D236 + Prob.: 236 frogs/m(2) supplemented with probiotic; and D236 + BG: 236 frogs/m(2) supplemented with beta-glucan. The parameters evaluated were weight gain, survival, plasma corticosterone (CORT), phagocytic capacity (PC) and phagocytic index (PI), at 24 h and 15 and 30 days. There is significant interaction between treatments and time for CORT levels. At 30 days, these values were very close for the D100 (control) and D236 + BG groups. Meanwhile, no statistical differences were observed between treatments for PC and PI. These results indicate that beta-glucan reduced the effects of stress caused by high density in bullfrogs, but the probiotic did not reduce these effects. Both compounds are not efficient at increasing survival rates, weight gain and neither immune response of animals. Thus, the use of commercial food additives may not have the favorable impact desired by the farmer. Their use in aquaculture should be further studied in experiments involving a longer trial period and taking into account the cost of their use. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/16444-0 - Handling stress in rearing farms of bullfrog, Lithobates catesbeianus, during metamorphosis: biochemical, hematological and morphological aspects
Grantee:Cláudia Maris Ferreira Mostério
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants