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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Performance of finishing beef cattle fed diets containing maize silages inoculated with lactic-acid bacteria and Bacillus subtilis

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Author(s):
Rabelo, Carlos H. S. [1] ; Valente, Andre L. S. [1] ; Barbero, Rondineli P. [1] ; Basso, Fernanda C. [1] ; Reis, R. A. [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Anim Sci, UNESP, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANIMAL PRODUCTION SCIENCE; v. 59, n. 2, p. 266-276, 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

Our objective was to evaluate the effect of lactic-acid bacteria and Bacillus subtilis as silage additives on feed intake and growth performance of finishing feedlot beef cattle. Whole-maize forage was ensiled either with distilled water (untreated), or inoculated with Lactobacillus buchneri and L. plantarum at a rate 1 x 10(5) cfu/g fresh forage for each bacteria (LBLP); or inoculated with B. subtilis and L. plantarum at a rate 1 x 10(5) cfu/g fresh forage for each bacteria (BSLP). Thirty-six young crossbreed bulls (316 +/- 33.9 kg) were used in the feedlot program for 110 days, and they were assigned (n = 12) to one of three diets containing untreated, LBLP, or BSLP silages in a 40:60 forage:concentrate ratio. Dry matter (DM) intake, average daily gain, and carcass yield of bulls were unaffected by silage inoculation. Conversely, bulls fed the BSLP silage had lower DM, organic matter, and crude protein digestibility compared with bulls fed untreated silage. Bulls fed both inoculated silages had a reduction of similar to 12% in neutral detergent fibre and acid detergent fibre digestibility compared with that in bulls fed untreated silage. Bulls fed the LBLP silage spent more time chewing (496 min/day) than bulls fed untreated silage. There was little effect of silage inoculation on rumen fermentation, but bulls fed the inoculated silages had a lower concentration of ammonia-N. In conclusion, adding L. plantarum combined with L. buchneri or B. subtilis to maize silage do not improve the growth performance of finishing feedlot beef cattle. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/00412-4 - Quality of inoculated corn silage
Grantee:Ricardo Andrade Reis
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/25463-0 - Action of lactic-acid bacterial and Bacillus subtilis in manipulation of fermentative process in corn silage and their effect on performance animal
Grantee:Carlos Henrique Silveira Rabelo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate