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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Chemical Structure and Localization of Levan, the Predominant Fructan Type in Underground Systems of Gomphrena marginata (Amaranthaceae)

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Joaquim, Emanuela O. [1, 2] ; Hayashi, Adriana H. [3] ; Torres, Luce M. B. [1] ; Figueiredo-Ribeiro, Rita C. L. [1] ; Shiomi, Norio [4] ; de Sousa, Fernanda S. [5] ; Lago, Joao H. G. [6] ; Carvalho, Maria A. M. [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Inst Botan, Nucleo Pesquisa Fisiol & Bioquim, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Programa Posgrad Biodiversidade Vegetal & Meio Am, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Inst Botan, Nucleo Pesquisa Anat, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Rakuno Gakuen Univ, Grad Sch Dairy Sci Res, Dept Food & Nutr Sci, Ebetsu, Hokkaido - Japan
[5] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Ambientais Quim & Farmaceut, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, Santo Andre - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Gomphrena marginata Seub. (Amaranthaceae) is an endemic species from Brazilian campos rupestres with a fructan accumulating underground reserve system. Analyses of high performance anion exchange chromatography (HPAEC-PAD) revealed the presence of the soluble carbohydrates glucose, fructose, sucrose, 1-kestose, 6-kestose, nystose and fructans with degree of polymerization (DP) up to approximately 40 fructose units. Data of H-1 and C-13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, including Heteronuclear Single-Quantum Correlation (HSQC) and Heteronuclear Multiple-Bonds Correlation (HMBC) showed the presence of beta (2,6) linkages, characteristic of the linear molecule of levan-type fructan(2,6). These results confirmed previous studies suggesting that the reserve carbohydrate in the underground system of this species was levan-type fructans, similar to that of G. macrocephala. Structural analyses of the thickened underground system using light microscopy revealed a mixed origin system consisting mainly of a gemmiferous tuberous root with the upper region formed by short branched stems, both presenting vascular cylinders with unusual growth patterns. Fructan spherocrystals were visualized under polarized light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) mostly in the cortex and vascular cylinder in both thickened stem and root. In addition to data reported in the literature concerning the occurrence of fructans in the Amaranthaceae, the results presented here suggest that fructans are a trait in this family while the levan-type fructan prevail in Gomphrena species. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/04919-7 - Characterization, metabolism and localization of fructans in Gomphrena marginata Seub., Amaranthaceae of rocky fields
Grantee:Maria Angela Machado de Carvalho
Support type: Regular Research Grants