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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Interaction between the retrotrapezoid nucleus and the parafacial respiratory group to regulate active expiration and sympathetic activity in rats

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Zoccal, Daniel B. [1] ; Silva, Josiane N. [2] ; Barnett, William H. [3] ; Lemes, Eduardo V. [1] ; Falquetto, Barbara [2] ; Colombari, Eduardo [1] ; Molkov, Yaroslav I. [3, 4] ; Moreira, Thiago S. [5] ; Takakura, Ana C. [2]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Sch Dent, Dept Physiol & Pathol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Pharmacol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Georgia State Univ, Dept Math & Stat, Atlanta, GA - USA
[4] Georgia State Univ, Neurol Inst, Atlanta, GA - USA
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 5

The retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) contains chemosensitive cells that distribute CO2-dependent excitatory drive to the respiratory network. This drive facilitates the function of the respiratory central pattern generator (rCPG) and increases sympathetic activity. It is also evidenced that during hypercapnia, the late-expiratory (late-E) oscillator in the parafacial respiratory group (pFRG) is activated and determines the emergence of active expiration. However, it remains unclear the microcircuitry responsible for the distribution of the excitatory signals to the pFRG and the rCPG in conditions of high CO2. Herein, we hypothesized that excitatory inputs from chemosensitive neurons in the RTN are necessary for the activation of late-E neurons in the pFRG. Using the decerebrated in situ rat preparation, we found that lesions of neurokinin-1 receptor-expressing neurons in the RTN region with substance P-saporin conjugate suppressed the late-E activity in abdominal nerves (AbNs) and sympathetic nerves (SNs) and attenuated the increase in phrenic nerve (PN) activity induced by hypercapnia. On the other hand, kynurenic acid (100 mM) injections in the pFRG eliminated the late-E activity in AbN and thoracic SN but did not modify PN response during hypercapnia. Iontophoretic injections of retrograde tracer into the pFRG of adult rats revealed labeled phox2b-expressing neurons within the RTN. Our findings are supported by mathematical modeling of chemosensitive and late-E populations within the RTN and pFRG regions as two separate but interacting populations in a way that the activation of the pFRG late-E neurons during hypercapnia require glutamatergic inputs from the RTN neurons that intrinsically detect changes in CO2/pH. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/22406-1 - Respiratory anatomofunctional changes observed in an experimental model of Parkinson Disease
Grantee:Ana Carolina Thomaz Takakura
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/17251-6 - Neural mechanisms generating the respiratory pattern and the respiratory-sympathetic coupling in conditions of hypoxia
Grantee:Daniel Breseghello Zoccal
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/23376-1 - Retrotrapezoid nucleus, respiratory chemosensitivity and breathing automaticity
Grantee:Thiago dos Santos Moreira
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/23281-3 - Encephalic regions responsible for neuroplasticity observed in respiratory response induced by hypercapnia in a modelo of Parkinson's Disease
Grantee:Ana Carolina Thomaz Takakura
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/54888-7 - Neural mechanisms involved on chemoreception
Grantee:Eduardo Colombari
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/22069-0 - Amelioration of the brainstem vascular imbalances in an spontaneously hypertensive rats with exercise
Grantee:Thiago dos Santos Moreira
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants