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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Hypothalamic Microglial Activation in Obesity: A Mini-Review

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Author(s):
Mendes, Natalia F. [1, 2, 3] ; Kim, Young-Bum [3] ; Velloso, Licio A. [2, 4] ; Araujo, Eliana P. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Nursing, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Obes & Comorbid Res Ctr, Lab Cell Signaling, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Harvard Med Sch, Div Endocrinol Diabet & Metab, Dept Med, Beth Israel Deaconess Med Ctr, Boston, MA - USA
[4] Natl Inst Sci & Technol Neuroimmunomodulat, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Review article
Source: FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE; v. 12, NOV 15 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 10
Abstract

Emerging data demonstrate that microglia activation plays a pivotal role in the development of hypothalamic inflammation in obesity. Early after the introduction of a high-fat diet, hypothalamic microglia undergo morphological, and functional changes in response to excessive dietary saturated fats. Initially the resident microglia are affected; however, as diet-induced obesity persists, bone marrow-derived myeloid cells gradually replace resident microglia. Genetic and pharmacological approaches aimed at dampening the inflammatory activity in the hypothalamus of experimental models of obesity have proven beneficial to correct the obese phenotype and improve metabolic abnormalities commonly associated with obesity. These approaches provide an experimental proof-of-concept that hypothalamic inflammation is central to the pathophysiology of obesity; understanding the details of the roles played by microglia in this process may help the development of preventive and therapeutic advances in the field. In this review, we discuss the potential mechanisms underlying hypothalamic microglial activation in high-fat induced obesity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/22511-8 - Role of microglial cells in the high-fat diet-induced hypothalamic inflammation
Grantee:Natália Ferreira Mendes
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/07607-8 - OCRC - Obesity and Comorbidities Research Center
Grantee:Licio Augusto Velloso
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 17/02983-2 - The role of growth hormone in the brain: relevance for neural functions and in disease
Grantee:Jose Donato Junior
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/17810-3 - Evaluation of TGF-b1 function in the hypothalamus of animals with obesity and diabetes induced by high-fat diet
Grantee:Natália Ferreira Mendes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate