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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Tomographic Imaging of Ionospheric Plasma Bubbles Based on GNSS and Radio Occultation Measurements

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Prol, Fabricio dos Santos [1, 2] ; Hernandez-Pajares, Manuel [2, 3] ; de Assis Honorato Muella, Marcio Tadeu [4] ; Camargo, Paulo de Oliveira [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Dept Cartog, BR-19060900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Politecn Cataluna, Dept Math, IOnospher Determinat & Nav Based Satellite & Terr, E-08034 Barcelona - Spain
[3] Univ Politecn Cataluna, Inst Estudis Espacials Catalunya, Grp Recerca Ciencies & Tecnol Espai IEEC CRAE CTE, E-08034 Barcelona - Spain
[4] Univ Vale Paraiba UNIVAP, Lab Phys & Astron, Inst Res & Dev IP&D, BR-12244000 Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: REMOTE SENSING; v. 10, n. 10 OCT 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Total electron content measurements given by the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) have successfully presented results to capture the signatures of equatorial plasma bubbles. In contrast, the correct reproduction of plasma depletions at electron density level is still a relevant challenge for ionospheric tomographic imaging. In this regard, this work shows the first results of a new tomographic reconstruction technique based on GNSS and radio-occultation data to map the vertical and horizontal distributions of ionospheric plasma bubbles in one of the most challenging conditions of the equatorial region. Twenty-three days from 2013 and 2014 with clear evidence of plasma bubble structures propagating through the Brazilian region were analyzed and compared with simultaneous observations of all-sky images in the 630.0 nm emission line of the atomic oxygen. The mean rate of success of the tomographic method was 37.1%, being more efficient near the magnetic equator, where the dimensions of the structures are larger. Despite some shortcomings of the reconstruction technique, mainly associated with ionospheric scintillations and the weak geometry of the ground-based GNSS receivers, both vertical and horizontal distributions were mapped over more than 30 degrees in latitude, and have been detected in instances where the meteorological conditions disrupted the possibility of analyzing the OI 630 nm emissions. Therefore, the results revealed the proposed tomographic reconstruction as an efficient tool for mapping characteristics of the plasma bubble structures, which may have a special interest in Space Weather, Spatial Geodesy, and Telecommunications. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/22011-2 - Data assimilation for three-dimensional modelling of the ionosphere in Brazil
Grantee:Fabricio dos Santos Prol
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/15027-7 - Data assimilation for three-dimensional modelling of the ionosphere in Brazil
Grantee:Fabricio dos Santos Prol
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate