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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Source apportionment of fine particulate matter by positive matrix factorization in the metropolitan area of Sao Paulo, Brazil

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de Miranda, Regina Maura [1] ; Andrade, Maria de Fatima [2] ; Dutra Ribeiro, Flavia Noronha [1] ; Mendonca Francisco, Kelliton Jose [1] ; Perez-Martinez, Pedro Jose [3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, Rua Arlindo Bettio 1000, BR-03828000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geophys & Atmospher Sci, Rua Matao, 1226, Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Fed Univ ABC, Ctr Engn Modeling & Appl Social Sci CECS, Ave Estados 5001, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION; v. 202, p. 253-263, NOV 20 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Aerosols are generated by a wide variety of sources, have different compositions, and have effects on climate, as well as on human health. Therefore, the analysis of aerosols in urban atmospheres has become increasingly more important. In this study, the sources of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) were analyzed by complementary analytical techniques over a one-year period (November 2014-November 2015) in an area characterized by vehicle and industrial emissions, in the eastern part of the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The study area is near the largest airport in South America in number of flights. Concentrations of trace elements, ionic species, and black carbon were studied. The annual mean concentration was 22.1 +/- 13.2 mu g m(-3) for PM2.5 and 1.87 +/- 1.28 mu g m(-3) for black carbon. During the study period, the Sao Paulo State 24-h standard for PM2.5 (60 mu g m(-3)) was exceeded five times. Seasonal variations in PM mass and composition reflected the influence of meteorological conditions and heavy-duty vehicle traffic. A stable atmosphere and a lack of rain are the main meteorological factors contributing to higher concentrations in the winter months. Elemental analysis identified Na, Al, Si, S, Cl, K, Ca, Fe, Zn, nitrate, sulfate, and ammonium as the main components, related to vehicle emissions and resuspension of soil and pavement dust. A Positive Matrix Factorization model revealed 4 p.m.(2.5) sources (and their contributions): heavy-duty vehicles (52%), soil dust (26%), light-duty vehicles (18%), and other (probably industrial processes, 4%). Our results suggest a link between PM2.5 concentrations and local emissions, given that the study site is surrounded by major highways. Traffic was found to be the most important source of PM, and more attention should be given to its contribution to PM2.5 concentrations. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/24689-5 - Physico-chemical characterization of the aerossol in the East region of São Paulo metropolitan area
Grantee:Regina Maura de Miranda
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants