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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Marginal coral reefs show high susceptibility to phase shift

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Cruz, Igor C. S. [1, 2] ; Waters, Linda G. [1] ; Kikuchi, Ruy K. P. [2] ; Leao, Zelinda M. A. N. [2] ; Turra, Alexander [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Lab Manejo Ecol & Conservacao Marinha, Dept Oceanog Biol, Praca Oceanog, Sala 112, BR-05508012 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Bahia, Inst Geociencias, Dept Oceanog, Rua Barrio Geremoabo, S-N Ondina, BR-40170115 Salvador, BA - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Marine Pollution Bulletin; v. 135, p. 551-561, OCT 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Phase shift, resulting from coral reef degradation, has been frequently recorded on reefs in optimal conditions, while marginal reefs were considered more resistant due to few records. Noting the lack of marginal reef phase shift studies, we quantitatively assessed their geographic extent in the Southwest Atlantic. Using metadata and a calculated phase shift index, we identified phase shifts from corals to both zoanthid and macroalgal dominance. Positive correlations existed between phase shift and local human impacts for zoanthids: proximity to human populations > 100,000 inhabitants, urbanized surfaces and dredged ports and a negative relationship to the endurance of SST > 1 degrees C above normal. Macroalgal shifts positively correlated to ports and urbanized surfaces, higher latitudes and shore proximity, indicating a possible link to nutrient runoff. The high frequency of these phase shifts suggests greater degradation than reported for Caribbean reefs, suggesting that marginal reefs do not have higher natural resistance to human impacts. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/17815-0 - Technological development of remote sensing to detect phase shifts on coral reefs using optical sensors installed in drone
Grantee:Igor Cristino Silva Cruz
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral