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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genetic diversity of Pneumocystis jirovecii from a cluster of cases of pneumonia in renal transplant patients: Cross-sectional study

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Ricci, Giannina [1] ; Santos, Daniel Wagner [1, 2] ; Kovacs, Joseph A. [3] ; Nishikaku, Angela Satie [1] ; de Sandes-Freitas, Taina Veras [2] ; Rodrigues, Anderson Messias [4] ; Kutty, Geetha [3] ; Affonso, Regina [5] ; Silva, Helio Tedesco [2] ; Medina-Pestana, Jose Osmar [2] ; de Franco, Marcello Fabiano [6] ; Colombo, Arnaldo Lopes [1]
Total Authors: 12
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Special Mycol Lab, Div Infect Dis, Dept Med, Rua Pedro Toledo 669, BR-04039032 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Fundacao Oswaldo Ramos, Hosp Rim, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] NIH, Dept Crit Care Med, Ctr Clin, Bethesda, MD 20892 - USA
[4] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Div Mol Biol, DMIP, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[5] Nucl & Energy Res Inst IPEN, Ctr Biotechnol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Pathol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: MYCOSES; v. 61, n. 11, p. 845-852, NOV 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Pneumocystis jirovecii can cause severe potentially life-threatening pneumonia (PCP) in kidney transplant patients. Prophylaxis of patients against PCP in this setting is usually performed during 6months after transplantation. The aim of this study is to describe the molecular epidemiology of a cluster of PCP in renal transplant recipients in Brazil. Renal transplant patients who developed PCP between May and December 2011 had their formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) lung biopsy samples analysed. Pneumocystis jirovecii 23S mitochondrial large subunit of ribosomal RNA (23S mtLSU-rRNA), 26S rRNA, and dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) genes were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), sequenced, and analysed for genetic variation. During the study period, 17 patients developed PCP (only four infections were documented within the first year after transplantation) and six (35.3%) died. Thirty FFPE samples from 11 patients, including one external control HIV-infected patient, had fungal DNA successfully extracted for further amplification and sequencing for all three genes. A total of five genotypes were identified among the 10 infected patients. Of note, four patients were infected by more than one genotype and seven patients were infected by the same genotype. DNA extracted from FFPE samples can be used for genotyping; this approach allowed us to demonstrate that multiple P.jirovecii strains were responsible for this cluster, and one genotype was found infecting seven patients. The knowledge of the causative agents of PCP may help to develop new initiatives for control and prevention of PCP among patients undergoing renal transplant and improve routine PCP prophylaxis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/01280-7 - Characterization of tissue immune response in post renal transplantation patients with fungal infection caused by the Cryptococcus neoformans / Cryptococcus gattii species complex
Grantee:Marcello Fabiano de Franco
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants